Summary: 100 | 5. Maintaining Windows 10

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  • 1 Configuring System and Data Revovery

  • 1.1 Recover Files

  • What are 5 File Recovery methods


    - File History
    - WIndows 7 Backup
    - Previous version (File History)
    - LAN-based copies (network copies)
    - Cloud-based copies (Onedrive/Azure backup)
  • 6 properties of File History


    It is Off by default.
    Automatically saves your profile & libraries every hour.
    - The backup schedule can be modified.
    - Retention can be modified.
    - The to be backt up folders can be modified.
    - Backup destination cannot be the Windows drive, but can be any other local or network drive.
  • 3 properties of Windows 7 Backup Program


    - Same tool as in Windows 7 and 8.
    - Can create full backup images or only specific folders.
    - The folder backups are in a .ZIP format. The image backups in a .VHDX format.
  • 1.2 Recover Apps and the Registry

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  • What are 4 things that System Restore Recover


    - System files (exe/dll/sys).
    - Registry.
    - Installed applications.
    - Drivers.

    No documents, pictures, videos, music etc. File History is available to backup these.
  • When does Windows create restore points (4 options)


    - Before the installation of unsigned device drivers.
    - Before the installation of new applications.
    - Before some specific Windows Updates.
    - Whenever the user/admin wants. A set of triggers can be configured to start a restore within the Task Scheduler.
  • 5 Powershell commands related to System Restore


    - Enable-ComputerRestore : Turns System Restore on.
    - Disable-ComputerRestore : Turns System Restore off.
    - Get-ComputerRestorePoint : View existing restore points.
    - Checkpoint-Computer : Create a new restore point.
    - Restore-Computer : Apply a restore point.
  • 1.3 Recover Windows

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  • 6 methods for OS Recovery


    OS boot issues
    - Startup Repair.
    - Command prompt (bcdedit, etc.)

    Damaged OS
    - Revert to previous build.
    - Image restore.
    - System Recovery Disk.
    - Reset PC.
  • Properties of a System Repair Disk


    - Use it when the system cannot boot normally.
    - It contains the various recovery tools (WinRE).
    - Can restore the image/disk from disk or LAN.
    - You can build you own using WADK 10 (Windows Assessment and Deployment kit).
  • 4 Properties of an Image Backup.


    - Bit out of time, there are better tools nowadays.
    - Wont have to reinstall or reconfigure your apps and settings afterward.
    - Wont delete your personal files.
    - Takes your entire system and creates a backup image of it. When applied takes your entire system back in time to when the image was created.
  • How does Windows start / boot


    1. Master Boot Record (MBR)
    - Saved at start of disk 0.
    - Contains Master boot code.
    - Contains partition information and which disk is active (bootable).

    2. Windows Boot Manager (BootMgr)
    - Saved at boot sector of active (bootable) partition.
    - Reads BCD (Boot Configuration Data).
    - Finds and start Winload.

    3. Windows OS Loader (WinLoad)
    - Saved on active (bootable) partition.
    - Loads essential system drivers.
    - Starts and hands of control to NTOSKrnl (Windows NT operating system kernel executable).
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