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Summary A History of Western Music

- Burkholder
ISBN-10 0393979911 ISBN-13 9780393979916
409 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - A History of Western Music Author: Burkholder ISBN: 9780393979916

  • 13 New Styles in the Seventeenth Century

  • What had a major effect on music in the 1600s and why?
    Religious and political conflicts -- because rulers and church authorities remained important patrons
  • What did the rise of capitalism do to help music?
    Put money in the hands of individuals, giving rise to public opera and concerts, and increasing demand for published music, instruments, and lessons.
  • Which country was best for musicians who relied on patrons and why?
    Italy because rulers, cities, and leading families supported music and the arts as a way of competing for prestige
  • What year were the first public opera houses established in Venice?
    1637
  • What year were the first public concerts in England?
    1672 - but the practice did not become widespread in Europe until the later 1700s
  • Baroque period dates
    1600-1750
  • Most striking aspect of seventeenth century literature, arts, and music...?
    Its focus on the dramatic - Baroque virtues of drama, dynamism, and emotional expression
  • prima pratica vs. seconda pratica
    Monteverdi and his brother coined these terms and said that in the "first practice" one had to follow the rules and so the music dominated the text.

    In the "second practice" voice-leading rules can be broken in order to express something in the text.
  • Vespro della Beata Vergine
    "Vespers of the Blessed Virgin" choral piece by Monteverdi published in 1610
  • 14 The Invention of Opera

  • By mid-seventeenth century, Italian opera had acquired the 3 main features it would maintain without essential change for the next 200 years. They were:
    1. concentration on solo singing
    2. separation of recit and aria
    3. use of varied musical styles
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