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Summary Aging and Older Adulthood

- Joan T Erber
228 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Aging and Older Adulthood Author: Joan T Erber

  • 1 Introduction to Aging and Older Adulthood

  • Two stages of life viewpoint in developmental psychology (Schroots, 1996)
    According to this perspective, both physical and psychological functions develop up to the point of maturity, after which there is a transition to aging that is characterized by a decline in functioning. 
  • There are many different definitions of age; which types are there?
    1. Chronological age
    2. Biological age
    3. Functional age
    4. Psychological age
    5. Social age
  • Normative age-graded influences
    Biological and environmental events and occurrences that are associated with chronological age. 
  • Normative history-graded influences
    These influences can result from an event, or they can represent a more gradual evolution of societal structure
  • Nonnomative life events
    The influence of nonnomrative life events is not necessarily associated with chronological age or with historical time, but nonetheless such events can play an important role in the development of an individual. 
  • 2 Theory and Method in Studyin Aging and Older Adulthood

  • Life-span developmental perspective (Baltes, 1987)
    The life-span developmental perspective considers development to be a multifaceted, ongoing process. A changing organism acts upon, and changes, the environment. At the same time, a dynamically changing environment acts upon, and changes, the organism
  • 3 Biological Aging and Health

  • Programmed theories of biological aging
    Consider aging to be under the control of a genetically based blueprint
  • Time clock theory
    Suggests that the life span of a species was controlled by a genetically determined time clock operating at the cellular level.
  • Evolutionary theory of biological aging
    Members of a species are genetically programmed to bear and rear their young. Once they reproduce and raise their offspring to independence, they have fulfilled their service in perpetuating the species
  • Stochastic theories of biological aging
    Focus on random damage to our vital systems that occurs with the process of living, so these theories are closely related to secondary aging.
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