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Summary American Culture

Course
- American Culture
- 2021 - 2022
- Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen (Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen locatie Nijmegen, Nijmegen)
- Lerarenopleiding 2e graad Engels
115 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - American Culture

  • The American dream

  • What was Pre-Colombian period ( c.12.000 BCE or even earlier- 1492)
    Period of the native Americans
  • What was the early colonial period
    (1492-1600) Exploration by Europeans looking for
    -fortune
    -natural recourses
    -glory
    -God
  • Colonial Period - Establishment of the original 13 colonies. 
    (1600-1776) 
    Virginia 1607
    New York 1626
    Massachusetts 1630
    Maryland 1633
    Rhode Island 1636
    Conneticut 1636
    New hampsire 1638
    Delaware 1638
    North Carolina 1653
    South Carolina 1663
    New Jersey 1664
    Pennsylvania 1682
    Georgia 1732
  • Revolution and the early republican

  • French Indian War 1756-1763
    - Part of seven year war
     - Imperial struggle between British and French
    - cause: French expansion into Ohio River Valley
    - Peace Converence: 1763- Treaty of Paris - France gave up on all territories
  • The west

  • What is Manifest Destiny?
     Manifest Destiny in the 1800’s entailed expanding power and influence from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 
     A Phrase coined in 1845, the Idea that the US is destined- by God- to expand its dominion and spread democracy and capitalism across the entire North American Continent.
  • Mexican American War 1846-1848
    Americans provoked War (James Polk) They occupied Mexico City, ended up paying 15 milion Dollars for the part of Mexico they wanted, which included California, Texas, Nevada
  • Native Americans

  • Major problems in NA-colonial relations
    In Massachusetts, contact between NA and the colonisers was initially friendly, but relations soon soured. Apart from the settlers’ desire for land and wealth, there were also a number of cultural ‘stumbling blocks’
    1. Native American diversity
    2. Lack of cultural relativism
    3. Polar cultures
  • Native American Diversity
     
    • There were a great number of tribes with vastly different cultures, customs, and languages. 
    • Some of the main groups of tribes are:
    •  Plains Indians: nomadic, often horse-centered culture, bison – inspired the stereotype. Examples: Cheyenne, Comanche, some Sioux and Apache tribes
    •  Pueblo Indians: lived in stone or adobe (earth and grass or straw) towns. Examples: Hopi, Yaqui
    •  Arctic and sub-Arctic Native Americans, such as Yup’ik in Alaska and Inuit in Canada
  • Pilgrims and puritans

  • When the Pilgrims first came to the US:
     
    • Pilgrims landed at Cape Cod,Massachusetts in November 1620
    •  Harsh conditions
    •  Were assisted by local Wampanoag tribe and the English-speaking Native American Squanto (who had been a slave in England)
    •  The Wampanoag taught the Pilgrims how to fish and farm in America
    •  Often seen as the beginning of what would become the US
  • Politics

  • What is the Legislative Branch?
    Makes Laws
    Congress - Senate (100 senators, 2 per state) - House of representative (435 elected, based on each state population)
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