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Summary An Introduction To Social Psychology

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A snapshot of the summary - An Introduction to Social Psychology

  • 1 Introducing Social Psychology

  • 1.1 Introduction

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  • What 3 traits characterize an authoritarian personality in relation to an authority figure?
    1. Extreme obedience
    2. Unquestioning respect
    3. Submission
  • What 2 results regarding their views in/on society is the authoritarian personality associated with?
    1. Prejudice toward minority groups
    2. Susceptibility to Fascism
  • What does the scapegoat theory say/mean about prejudice?
    The actual source of frustration not being within reach can cause misplaced aggression towards a scapegoat(-group), which creates prejudice
  • What is the result of a minimal group paradigm in which the subjects are divided into groups through experiments?
    Intergroup discrimination which happens even though the criteria for separation essentially do not call for discrimination
  • What is the impact of the rebound effect upon a person's judgement and behavior?
    If someone tries and fails to suppress their prejudice, the impact of their prejudice upon their judgement and behavior becomes larger (rebound)
  • What is the action of 'priming' a subject as part of experimenting with prejudice/stereotyping?
    Activating one stimulus (EX: bird) to cause another related stimulus (EX: wings, feathers) to be activated/processed
  • What can be the impact of priming on a subject's behavior?
    Their unconscious behavior may be impacted by the related stimuli; 
    EX: priming: old people, related stimulus: slow walking --> subjects walk slower after processing
  • 1.2 A definition of social psychology

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  • What is Allport's (sort of a founding figure of psychology) definition of psychology which is still referred to today?
    The attempt to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human beings
  • What is the basic setup of a psychology experiment through which the psychological effects of some factor can be researched?
    One experimental group in which a factor is changed (an independent variable is manipulated); 
    One control-group in which nothing changes;
    Comparing the difference between the results of the groups
  • 1.3 The unique perspective of social psychology

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  • What does the interdependence theory mean/say?
    That individuals interact with the people that provide the best rewards for the least costs/efforts
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