Summary: An Introduction To Social Psychology

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Read the summary and the most important questions on An Introduction to Social Psychology

  • 1 Introducing Social Psychology

  • 1.1 Introduction

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  • What is the name for a personality that is characterized by the following 3 traits in relation to an authority figure?Extreme obedienceUnquestioning respectSubmission 

    Authoritarian personality
  • What characterized personality is associated with their personality resulting in both prejudice toward minority groups and susceptibility to fascism?

    Authoritarian personality
  • What is the name of the theory that says that prejudice is created when aggression is misplaced towards a scapegoat(-group), when the actual source of frustration is not within reach?

    Scapegoat theory
  • What is the name of the theory that says about prejudice that it is created when there is conflict and competition between groups over valued goods?

    Realistic conflict theory
  • What is the name of the procedure/model where researchers divide people into groups, where the criteria for the division are essentially arbitrary, and which results in that a member of a group can favor their own group over others without actual reason?

    Minimal group paradigm
  • What is the result of a minimal group paradigm in which the subjects are divided into groups through experiments?

    Intergroup discrimination which happens even though the criteria for separation essentially do not call for discrimination
  • What is the name for the phenomenon when someone's judgement and behavior become more affected by their prejudice, when they actually try but fail to suppress their prejudice?

    Rebound effect
  • What is the name for the action of activating one stimulus (EX: bird) to cause another related stimulus (EX: wings, feathers) to be activated/processed, as part of experimenting with prejudice/stereotyping?

    Priming
  • What can be the impact of priming on a subject's behavior?

    Their unconscious behavior may be impacted by the related stimuli
    EX: priming: old people, related stimulus: slow walking --> subjects walk slower after processing
  • 1.2 A definition of social psychology

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  • What is the basic setup of a psychology experiment through which the psychological effects of some factor can be researched?

    One experimental group in which a factor is changed (an independent variable is manipulated); 
    One control-group in which nothing changes;
    Comparing the difference between the results of the groups

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