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Summary Bilingualisme

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A snapshot of the summary - Bilingualisme

  • 1 Introduction

  • What are the reasons for being bilingual?
    Multicultural and multilingual societies
    Migration
    (Intentional choice)
  • 1.2 Types of bilingualism

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  • What is sequential bilingual?
    Bilingual after 3 years of age
  • 1.3.1 Does bili lead to structural brain changes?

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  • Does bilingualisme lead to structural brain changes?
    Yes
  • 1.3.2 Which language(s) is/are active in the bilingual brain?

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  • Which language(s) is/are active in the bilingual brain?
    All languages
  • 1.3.3 How does the bilingual brain distinguish and control which language is in use?

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  • How does the bilingual brain distinguish and control which language is in use?
    Language control mechanism ->inhibitory control
  • Same/ different active brain regions?
    - Highly proficient bilinguals = activation same brain regions
    - Second language later in life = activation broader (breder) (partially overlapping) brain regions.
  • 1.3.4 Does bili lead to cognitive (dis)advantage(s)?

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  • Does bili lead to cognitive (dis)advantage(s)?
    Inconclusive
  • Explain the burdensome (belastend)  <1960
    - Bad thing
    - Causes confussion 
    - Causes inequalities (ongelijkheid) in learning and resulting intelligence  
    - Correlates  with lower iq, cognitive deficiencies and mental retardation 

    = Bilingualism = not good
  • Explain advantages hypothesis >1960
    Change in researchers point of view <-> public at large
    - Consideration of influencing / determing factors
    - SES / proficiency level
    - BI > MO on metalinguistic tasks

    = Bilingualism = not sure
  • What are the core components?
    - Impulsive control
    - Cognitive flexibility
    - Working memory

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