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Summary Biological Psychology

Course
- Biological Psychology
- N/A
- 2014 - 2015
- University of Durham
- Psychology (applied)
571 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Biological Psychology

  • Lecture 1 - Background

  • What did the Hippocrates claim?
    That the brain controlled intelligence and it was involved in sensation.
  • How does Aristotle's argument differ from today's view?
    Aristotle: the heart is affected by emotion 
    Today: the brain is central to emotional processing and production 

    Aristotle: The brain is not connected with the sense organs
    Today: Sensory connections are neural, not vascular
  • What was Descartes main argument?
    Dualism - the philosophical position that behaviour is controlled by two entities i.e mind and body are separate. 
  • What did Gall argue in terms of the mind and brain?
    The brain is the organ of the mind
  • What did Gall argue in terms of the shape of the brain?
    The shape determined your personality (although there was a lack of scientific proof for this).
  • What did Karl Kleist develop?
    A functional map of the cerebral cortex from case notes of WW1 head-wound casualties. 
  • What did Golgi and Cajal disagree on?
    Golgi - the nerve cells acted like the blood vessels of the body (wrong view)
    Cajal - nerve cells are separate entities with their own functions (correct view) 
  • What did Bailey & von Bonin find?
    Different parts of the brain are connected.
  • What does the frontal lobe do in terms of our behaviour?
    It is the 'breaks' of our behaviour.
    (Phineas Gage had damage to his frontal lobe = he couldn't control his behaviour - he showed that the brain did control personality)
  • What does fMRI study?
    Studies brain function by tracking blood flow in the brain 
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