Summary: Biologie; Plant Structure

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  • 2 Biologie; Plant structure

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  • Plants have a hierachical organisation consisting of:

    • Organs
    • Tissue
    • Cells
  • The basic vascular plant organs:

    • Roots (roots system)
    • Stems (shoot system)
    • Leaves (shoot system)
  • Above ground (shoot system), the plant takes up:

    CO2 and light
  • On what do the roots and shoots rely on?

    -Roots rely on sugar produced by photosynthesis in the shootsystem
    -shoots rely on water and minerals absorbed by the rootsystem
  • What is the connection between shoot and root system?

    Vascular tissue
  • Where is the apical bud located?

    At the top of the plant, primary growing point
  • Where is the axillary bud located?

    In the upper angle/axil of a leaf
  • Taproot system (dicot):

    A taproot system consists of one main vertical root, that gives rise to lateral roots, or branch roots
  • Fibrous root system (monocot):

    Seedless vascular plants and monocots have a fibrous root system, characterized by thin laternal roots with no main roots.
  • What does the apical bud do?

    It causes elongation of a young shoot

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