History - The Nineteenth Century

13 important questions on History - The Nineteenth Century

What was an important consequence of the potato crop failure in Ireland in the 1840s?

There was a terrible famine/hunger. Millions of peasants, those with Gaelic language and customs, either died or emigrated. By the end of the century, almost the whole of the remaining population had switched to English as their first language.
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What countries did the British empire consist off?

Britain, Ireland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India (where viceroys governed) and large parts of Africa as well as numerous smaller areas and islands such as the carribean islands
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What is meant by 'the white man's burden?

It was the duty of the noble Brittish white people to spread its culture and civilisation around the world. Because of the great economic power and the long years of political stability the British became overconfident of their culture and civilisation. This imperial attitude is stil present in some parts of the country today.
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What was the name of the highest representative of the British government in India in those days?

A viceroy (governor) whose position within the country was similar to the monarch’s in Britain itself.
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Explain what are meant by Victorian values.

those were the values of the the middle class trades people and professionals, which emphasized hard work, thrift, religious observance, family, awareness of one's duty, absolute honesty in public life and prudishness (extreme respectability in sexual matters). The name 'Victorian Values' comes from Queen VICTORIA. As A HARD WORKING MOTHER OF TEN CHILDREN, DEVOTED TO HER HUSBAND pRINCE Albert, she was regarded as the personification of contemporary morals.
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Where does the name "bobby" for a police officer come from?

Robert Peel, a government minister, organizes the first modern police force. Bobby is short for Robert.
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How did the aims of colonisation change in the course of the 19th century

Colonization was no longer a matter of settlement, commerce or military strategy, but a matter of destiny.
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What was ‘The White Man’s Burden’?

A poem by Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), who is sometimes referred to as ‘the poet of imperialism’.
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When is the first law that regulates factory working conditions limits the number of hours that children are allowed to work written?

1833
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At the end of the 18th century, Britain controls the biggest empire the world has ever seen/ It included: (6)

Ireland + Canada + New Zealand + India + Caribbean + Parts of Africa
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What is the White Man's Burden? And who wrote about it in a poem?

Other races are 'wild' and have a 'need' to be civilized. This is the white man's noble duty.
Rudyard Kipling
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Give the name of the greatest English writer of the Victorian age.

Charles Dickens
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Important dates in the 19th century (1800-1900)

  • 1833 = Slavery is made illegal throughout the British Empire
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