These are flashcards an notes made by students on topics like 'ireland', 'british' and 'northern', originating from:

- James O'Driscoll
ISBN-10 0194306445 ISBN-13 9780194306447
1736 Flashcards & Notes
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Study Cards on ireland, british, northern

What was the position of Canada and Australia in the British Empire at the time of the Versailles treaty (1919)?
Canada represented themselves separartley from Britain and this was the beginning of the end of the British Empire.
How does the Suez affair (1956) illustrate the deterioration of Britain’s power in the world?
It was an invasion of Egypt by Israel, followed by the UK and France. The aims were to regain Western control of the Suez Canal and to remove the Egyptian President from power. After the fighting had started, the USA, the soviet union and the United Nations forced the three invaders to withdraw. The episode humilliated Great Britain and France and strenghtened Nasser (the president of Egypt)
Why do Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands prefer to remain dependent on Britain?
They don’t want to be swallowed up by near islands.
Can you guess why the Irish Republic does not belong to the Commonwealth?
On 18 April 1949, Ireland formally became a republic in accordance with the Irish Republic of Ireland Act 1948. Because it did this, it was automatically excluded from the commonwealth. While Ireland had not actively participated in the commonwealth since the early 1930s and was content tot leave the commonwealth, other dominions wished to become republics without losing commonwealth ties.
In what ways are British attitudes towards the European Union ambiguous?
On the one hand it’s seen as an economic necessity and a political advantage increasing Britain’s status as a regional power, however, on the other hand the British are not very enthusiastic. They feel like they are special and fear Britain is slowly giving up it’s autonomy.
What was the outcome of the 1975 referendum on British membership of the European Community?
It continued membership of the EU
What elections were held in Scotland and Wales in May 1999?
For both countries their own parlement.
Who is Michelle O’Neill
Michelle O’Neill is an Irish politician serving as deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland since 2020. She has served as Vice President of Sinn Féin since 2018 and has been a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Mid Ulster since 2007.
Who is Arlene Foster?
Arlene Foster is a Northern Irish politician serving as First Minister of Northern Ireland since January 2020, and previously from 2016 to 2017. She has served as Leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) since 2015 and Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly (MLA) for Fermanagh and South Tyrone since 2003.
What is the present political situation in Northern Ireland?
The Northern Ireland Office is led by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, who sits in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland is a distinct legal jurisdiction, separate from the two other jurisdictions in the United Kingdom (England and Wales, and Scotland)
Describe the British attitude towards their membership of the EU and how can this be explained?
It has been ambivalent from the start. One the one hand being a member of the EU is seen as an economic necessity and a political advantage. On the other hand, acceptance never meant enthusiasm. It tends to be seen as necessary evil.

This can be explained by: 
  1. The British sense of apartness. Somehow, they just don't feel they belong to Europe. In their eyes, Britain and Europe are two fundamentally different things.
  2. British people tend to take laws and regulations seriously and interpret them literally. Therefore, they feel like the people in Brussels of the EU making life difficult.
Why is the view of the British towards the European relation not so positive?
Because of the British sense of apartness
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