These are flashcards an notes made by students on topics like 'school', 'education' and 'schools', originating from:

- James O'Driscoll
ISBN-10 0194306445 ISBN-13 9780194306447
1736 Flashcards & Notes
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Study Cards on school, education, schools

What are the three stages in British education?
Primary school, secondary school and the sixth form
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What are the three stages of British eduation?
1. Primary school     2. secondary school     3. college or university
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Explain the terms ‘state school’, ‘private school’, ‘independent school’ and ‘public school’ (also in American English
state school: school funded by the goverment, education is free
independent school:   where parents must pay
public school:  private school for fee-paying pupils. These schools used to be expeensive boarding schools for  boys, The emphasis was on character building, sports and teamspirit; all to prepare the boys to become the next generation of gnerals, barristers, or MP (higher lranked jobs). The new elite. All this has changed for the better.
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Mention some famous English public schools.
Eton, Harrow, Rugby and Winchester
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What is the role of the Local Education Authority (LEA) in English Education?
Local education authorities (LEAs) are the local councils in England and Wales that are responsible for education within their jurisdiction.
The term is used to identify which council (district or county) is locally responsible for education in a system with several layers of local government.
Local education authorities are not usually ad hoc or standalone authorities, although the former Inner London Education Authority was one example of this.
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What is meant by the National Curriculum and what would be the Dutch equivalent?
The national curriculum is a set of subjects and standards used by primary and secondary schools so children learn the same things. It covers what subjects are taught and the standards children should reach in each subject.
Other types of school like academies and private schools don’t have to follow the national curriculum.
Academies must teach a broad and balanced curriculum including English, maths and science. They must also teach religious education.
The Dutch equivalent is: ‘Kerndoelen’
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Mention a reason why many school children wear uniforms.
they used to be a sign of status, today the uniforms are cheaper than the clothes children would otherwise wish to wear and they give a sense of belonging
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How is the school year divided up?
The English school year generally runs from early September to mid July of the following year. Most schools operate a three-term school year, each term divided in half 
Autumn term runs from early September to mid December (half term falls in late October). Spring Term runs from early January to Easter (half term falls in mid February). Summer Term runs from Easter to mid July (half term falls in late May or early June).
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What is the national curriculum?
The national curriculum are the knowledge and skills the government has specified for all  children in the country to learn during their primary and secondary education
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At what age do you take the GCSE exams, who sets them and who are allowed to take them?
The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academically rigorous, internationally (by Commonwealth countries with education systems similar or identical to the UK education system) recognised qualification awarded in a specified subject, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England and Wales over two years (three years in certain schools).
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Name several types of secondary school
grammar school and secondary modern school. Grammar school prepares the better pupils for university and the secondary modern school is more practical and technical.
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Explain the term sixth form, what kind of pupils study here?
In the education systems of England, Northern Ireland, Wales and some other Commonwealth countries, sixth form (sometimes referred to as Key Stage 5) represents the final 1-3 years of secondary education (high school), where students (typically between 16 and 18 years of age) prepare for their A-level (or equivalent) examinations.
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Mention the university degrees, what would be the Dutch equivalent?
Bachelor of Education :B.Ed
Master of Education :M.Ed
Bachelor of Arts :BA
Master of Arts :MA (Drs)
Bachelor of Law :LLB
Master of Law :LLM (MR)
Doctor of Philosophy :PHD (Dr)
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What are school lunches or dinners?
that's when lunch or dinner is provided for at school.
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What is the difference between Oxbridge and the ‘redbrick’ universities?
Red brick university (or redbrick university) is a term originally used to refer to six civic universities founded in the major industrial cities of Great Britain in the 19th century.
The term is now used more broadly to refer to British universities founded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in major cities.
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What kind of universities are the newer civic universities?
The term new universities has been used informally to refer to several different waves of new universities created or renamed as such in multiples countries.
In many cases, these are former polytechnics or professional colleges which receive the status of a university.
The term is used e.g. in the United Kingdom, France, Poland, Sweden and Norway.
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What is the importance of exam league tables in education?
The secondary school league tables in England allow parents to rank schools according to the results of tests and examinations taken by pupils the previous summer and by a range of other criteria.
The government publishes the data, and media organisations, including the BBC, produce rankings of the best and worst performers.
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What bodies set the school-leaving exams
largely independent examining boards, with each their separate syllabus for each subject. The schools or the LEA decide which board's exams its pupils will take.
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What do these abbreviations mean: GCSE, A-level, AS-level, GNVQ, BSc, MA, PhD
GCSEGeneral Certificate of Secundary Education
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BSc, MA, PhD
Bachelor of Science, Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy; these are all degrees from universities: Bachelor; graduate, master: postgraduate and doctorate is the highest academic qualification.
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What are the redbrick universities

those are the universities with technical bias that sprang up in the industrial towns such as Manchester and Birmingham. They are named after the local red brick they are made of.

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What is a sixth-form college
It  is a college for further education,  beyond sixteen (before the age of 16 school  is compulsory).  (vakonderwijs, HBO, vocational training courses for jobs and careers.
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To which give the British schools high priority?
To 'physical education'. The idea is that it helps to develop the 'complete' person. 
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What is another significance of the style of British schools?
They tend to give priority to developing understanding and sophistication of approach over the accumulation of factual knowledge. This is why British young people do not appear to work so hard as their fellows in other countries; they normally don't have formal homework and fewer hours of programmed attendance. On the other hand, they receive greater personal guidance with their work.   
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What are public exams?
At the end of compulsory schooling, schoolchildren take exams. These involve knowledge and skills specified by the national curriculum, they are separate from the school system. That is why there are culled public.
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What does the sixth form mean? 
It refers to pupils who are studying beyond the age of sixteen.  
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What are A Levels?
Advanced levels. High-level academic exams set by the same examining boards that set GCSE's exams. They are taken by most people around 18 who wish to go on to higher education. An A1 is worth half an A2 (the full A-level) and can stand as a qualification itself.
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