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Summary Civil War and Conflict Studies

Course
- Civil War and Conflict Studies
- M.J. van der Velde, J. van Koppen
- 2017 - 2018
- De Haagse Hogeschool (De Haagse Hogeschool, Den Haag)
- IPM
196 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Civil War and Conflict Studies

  • New wars

  • Why study (civil) war and armed violence?
    In order to adequately handle conflict, we need to understand it.
  • In order to adequately handle conflict, we need to understand it. Why work to solve conflicts?
    • Loss of human lives and development. 
    • Financial costs. 
  • The Spanish civil war lasted from 1936 to 1939. What is a civil war?
    A civil war is a war fought by different groups of people living in the same country.
  • Most wars are interstate. In interstate conflicts the international law is enforceable. Define an interstate conflict:
    Interstate violence is a conflict between two or more states (both members of the international system), who use their respective national forces in the conflict. 

    • Mexican/American war of 1846-1847.   
  • Define an extrastate conflict: Extrastate = Intrastate + Interstate --> DRC
    A conflict between a state (member of the international system) and a political entity which does not come in the form of a recognized state.
  • Why is the unemployment rate important for a country?
    The position of young men is important in countries where men are the cost winners, If young men are mostly unemployed, they are likely to revolt. In the worst case, there will be a civil war. Or people will seek their employment in informal (illegal) markets.
  • Examples of non-state armed conflict. > El Salvador and Honduras. Define a non-state conflict:
    The use of armed force between two organized armed groups, neither of which is the government of a state, which results in at least 25 battle-related deaths in a year.
  • Absence of war, and injustice and inequalities solved. What type of peace is described here?
    Positive peace.
  • Describe what happens in a persistent conflict:
    Two sides are not interested in winning but rather in economic benefits. War as an enterprise.
  • Erosion of the states power has two causes. What are those causes?
    1. Integration. > States are increasingly connected, and are more restricted in the use of force. 
    2. Fragmentation. > Structural Adjustment Programmes such as IMF, deregulation, liberalisation. 
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