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Summary Cognitive Psychology

- Gilhooly, et al
ISBN-10 0077122666 ISBN-13 9780077122669
1364 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Cognitive Psychology Author: Gilhooly Dittrich Lyddy Pollick ISBN: 9780077122669

  • 1 Introduction

  • how do we call principles of internal representations of concepts of the external reality?
    mental representations.
  • how do we call a learning device used to aid memory?
    a mnemonic
  • what is a key feature for mnemonic techniques?
    imagination.
  • which mnemonic technique is described; remembering a set of concepts by making visual representations for these objects and placing these representations along a familiar route?
    method of loci.
  • which mnemonic technique is described; when learning a new language, making an association between a new word from L2, and a word from L1, and making a visual representation of this association.
    the keyword method.
  • which mnemonic technique is described; when learning a set of numbers represent each number with a letter or sound of a letter in a logical way, like n stands for two because it has two sticks and m or w stands for 3 for the same reason. this way a word or longer sound is created from a set of numbers.
    the phonetic number system, or the major system.
  • how do we call the philosophical school which holds that all knowledge comes from experience?
    empiricism.
  • how do we call a linkage between mental contents so that activation of one content activates the linked contents.
    associations.
  • how do concepts become associated with each other?
    - if they're close together in time, so the concepts occur right after each other every time, like dinner and dessert
    - or if the concepts are close in space, chimney and roof can be associated with each other
    - if there's a relationship of similarity between the two like a cup and a mug.
  • why is using introspection criticized?
    • it can only be used with people who are trained to introspect, so no research o animals, children, and people with mental disabilities.
    • reporting what you are thinking while solving a problem can be distracting, thus introspection could be a confound.
    • even trained subjects don't have access to all cognitive processes
    • experiments by Wundt were hard to replicate in other labs.
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