3 good questions and answers: "Parliaments - Strong parties, weak parliaments"

What is the efficient secret (Bagehot 1867)
The combination of executive and legislative leadership in the cabinet; because in parliamentary systems these are both in the hands of the executive and that is not democratic
What are the two factors that give a prime minister with parliamentary majority the full control over the legislative process?
Parliamentary party cohesion = parliamentarians from the same party share the same set of policy preferences on all issues
Party discipline = the party leadership enforces common voting position in the fraction, also when some of the members are not voting in line with their own preferences
Why does party discipline exist?
Because some are vulnerable to opportunities to get higher up; the more opportunities exist, the more parliamentarians will be inclined to obey party leadership
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