3 good questions and answers: "Parliaments - Strong parties, weak parliaments"

What is the efficient secret (Bagehot 1867)
The combination of executive and legislative leadership in the cabinet; because in parliamentary systems these are both in the hands of the executive and that is not democratic
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What are the two factors that give a prime minister with parliamentary majority the full control over the legislative process?
Parliamentary party cohesion = parliamentarians from the same party share the same set of policy preferences on all issues
Party discipline = the party leadership enforces common voting position in the fraction, also when some of the members are not voting in line with their own preferences
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Why does party discipline exist?
Because some are vulnerable to opportunities to get higher up; the more opportunities exist, the more parliamentarians will be inclined to obey party leadership
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