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Summary Current Topics: Introduction To Sport And Performance Psychology

- Current Topics: Introduction to Sport and Performance Psychology
- 2021 - 2022
- Universiteit van Amsterdam
- Psychologie
340 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Current Topics: Introduction to Sport and Performance Psychology

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  • What is the definition of sport psychology?
    Sport psychology is the scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and exercise contexts and the practical application of that knowledge.
  • What are the objectives of sport psychology?
    • The objectives of sport psychology have roughly two components;
      • Psychological factors; everything we already know about psychology.
      • Physical and motor performance;
    • the two objective tracts sport psychology contains are;
      • the influence of psychological factors on Physical and motor performance.
      • the influence of Physical and motor performance on psychological factors
  • What is the definition of performance psychology?
    Performance psychology is the study that investigates psychological factors as a starting point to understand human performance where performance is defined as achieving goals.
  • What is a goal?
    Something a person is consciously and deliberately trying to accomplish
  • In what ways do goals increase performance?
    goals cause
    • Directing attention
      • helps focussing attention on what is necessary to achieve the goal.
    • regulating effort
      • energy is a limited resource. When a goal is set we can determine how much time and effort we need to spend on different components in orter to achieve the goal.
    • prolonging persistence
      • having a measurable goal causes us to have measurable progress, which can be a motivating factor to continue.
    • developing new strategies
      • thinking about a goal enables one to determine strategies specifically to achieve that goal instead of simply using a more general, less efficient strategy
  • Name an example of a neuroscientific research within sport psychology.
    • Swimmers we're looking at videos of their own failures while being recorded in an fMRI scanner.
    • after watching the video, researchers tried to identify changes in regional cerebral activity associated with negative affect after viewing a video of a personal competitive failure
    • also, the swimmers received a short corgnitive intervention before watching the video in the scanner again, to see if there're any neural correlates from this.
    • sadness ratings were recorded after watching the videos both times.
    • the results were that the swimmers were less sad after the cognitive intervention, (could be confounded by repeated viewing.)
  • Describe a research cycle
    • Propose a research question
    • reformulate into a hypothesis
    • Choose a research method
    • collect data
    • analyze data
    • develop a theory.
  • How do we call an organized set of principles used to explain observed phenomena
    A theory
  • What is the difference between experiments and quasi-experiments?
    • In an experiment the researcher controls the environment and manipulates one or multiple independent variables.
    • in a quasi-experiment the researcher doesn't manipulate variables because the variability is naturally occurring; for example gender, age, etc.
  • What is internal and external validity?
    • internal validity is The extent to which differences between the intervention and control groups in a clinical study can be confidently attributed to the intervention and not to an alternative explanation, which requires reducing confounding factors and bias to a minimum.
    • external validity is the extent to which study findings can be generalized beyond the sample used in the study.

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