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Study Cards on aoc, grenache, varieties

What are general rules for AOC wines in Languedoc
  • For red wines
  • Distinction between principal and other grape varieties
    • Each AOC lists its own
  • Minimum two varieties, including one or more of the principal
  • Upper limit for any other variety
  • Min-Max amounts for single variety or blends
  • Almost all Grenache Noir in the blend
  • Most also Syrah and Mourvèdre
  • rules for sub-zones stricter
  • different percentages in vineyard and wine
  • Max yield typically 45-50 hl/ha, subzones 40
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In terms of style, quality and price, how can the red wines of Languedoc be grouped?
  • Regional appellations = Languedoc AOC
    • simple, medium
    • Inexpensive, mid priced
    • acceptable to good
    • primary fruit
  • Named appellations
    • e.g. Corbières AOC
    • higher body, more %abv
    • good to very good
    • inexpensive to premium priced
    • primary fruit with herbs, sometimes oak
  • Sub-appellations
    • e.g. Corbières-Boutenac AOV
    • pronounced aromas
    • very good to outstanding
    • mid-priced to premium

Blackberry, red plum, (herbs) more intense and more body 1-3
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Which of Languedoc's AOC are Atlantic influenced?
  • Malapère AOC; protected by mountains, min 40% Merlot!
  • Cabardès AOC; both Atlantic and Mediterranean influences, min 40% of Bordeaux varieties plus Grenache and/or Syrah

Both west of Carcassonne
Don't require high % of Grenache (exception)
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Give facts on Corbières AOC in the Languedoc

  • 10.000 ha > 4th largest of France
  • 30% export
  • south of Languedoc area
  • Tauch and D'Alaric mountain ranges
    • > hilly up to 450 ma
  • Acidity retained due to:
    • Cooling influence of altitude and cold northern winds
  • 90% red
  • Principal varieties: GSMCC
    • Carignan
    • Grenache Noir
    • Mourvèdre
    • Syrah
  • 40 % of any of those in final blend
  • Max yield 50 hl/ha
  • Corbières-Boutenac AOC
    • Sub-appellation
    • Carignan, Grenache Noir, Mourvèdre min 70%
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Give facts on La Clape AOC in Languedoc
    • Languedoc
    • young appellation 2015
    • coastal
    • warm, sunny, arid, windy > Mourvèdre
    • 80% red
    • Well known for white wines
      • 60% must be Grenache Blanc and/or Bourboulenc
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Give facts on Terrasses du Larzac AOC in the Languedoc
    • Languedoc
    • young appellation: 2014
    • 120-400 m
    • high diurnal range
    • red only
    • at least 3 varieties in blend
    • high quality and some super-premium priced
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Give facts on Picpoul de Pinet AOC in the Languedoc
  • Languedoc
    • Low-lying land close to the coast
    • devoted to white
    • variety Piquepoul Blanc
    • retains acidity
    • historically vermouth > new technology to avoid oxidation > fruitier wines > rapid growth
    • 90% produced by co-operatives
    • 55 hl/ha
    • mainly exported 65% > UK - USA - Netherlands
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