5 questions on "Wine Laws & Regulations - System of Geographical Indications (GIs)"
- A Geographical Indication system gives the producers a range of labelling options.
- 65 GIs in total
- Western Australia: 9
- South Australia: 18
- Queensland: 2
- New South Wales:14
- Victoria: 21
- Tasmania: 1
I.e. Eden Valley, Barossa, Adelaide, South Australia or South Eastern Australia.
Usually it reflects multi-regional blending of grapes.
- The largest wine areas and can cover an entire state. No rules and requirements for boundaries, shared geographic or climatic characteristics.
- Entire states are: South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and Western Australia.
- South Eastern Australia covers several.
- Smaller wine region than a zone, 65 are registered and vary in size.
- Have consistent and distinct qualities.
- Must produce at least 500 tonnes of grapes a year
- min 5 different vineyard owners
- min 5 ha per owner
- samples: Coonawarra, Clare Valley, Margaret River.
- Tasmania is seen as a region.
- Recognised are particular climates, topography and soils.
- Currently 14 sub-regions are registered.
- If a GI, vintage or grape variety is mentioned on the label, 85% of the grapes must be conform.
- Multiple varieties must be listed in descending order.
- Growers, producers and suppliers are audited by the Australia Grape and Wine Authority (trading as Wine Australia).
- There are no GI based rules regarding grape growing and winemaking.
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