Study Cards on austria, vineyards, climate
- To the east. On the slopes of the Alps, the Pannonian plain and along the Danube river.
- Aprox 45-50.000ha
1) Many top vineyards are on steep south-facing slopes
2) Flat low-lying vineyards near the Neusiedlersee experience regular/heavy botrytis.
- North (weinviertel); northerly winds
- South (steiemark); Adriatic influences, warmer
- East (Burgenland); warm Pannonian climate, Neusiedlersee
- West: Danube river and cooling breezes from the Alps
- Moderate continental climate with marked diurnal range in many areas.
- Long ripening season means noble rot is possible if humidity levels sufficient.
- Less variation in annual weather patterns than in northern Europe.
- Spring frost
- Low rainfall stress
- Urgestein; thin soil over rock (granite/gneiss)
- Loess: richer soils
Riesling; thin soil, needs less water
Grüner Veltliner; needs water, better on loess and clay.
Other soils: limestone, schist (Leithaberg), gravel and volcanic soils.
Wachau, Kremstal and Kamptal; on steep stone terraces; by hand, adding to cost.
- Moderate precipitation – ranging from 450mm in the Weinviertel to 850mm in Steiermark.
- The lack of disease pressure has led to 14% of all vineyards following organic practices4 with an additional 9% certified sustainable.
- Rainfall can be low during the growing season, particularly in Niederösterreich, and so irrigation may be required.
- Focus on high quality wines rather than bulk
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