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Study Cards on bordeaux, bank, rainfall

What influences the climate of Bordeaux (name 6)
  • Cooling Atlantic Ocean in the west
  • Best years: gentle heat, sufficient rainfall and fine warm autumn give steady and complete ripening -> balance in tannins, sugars and acidity.
  • The Les Landes pine forest protects the Left Bank from Atlantic storms.
  • The moderating influence of the Gironde river (protecting vines from frost in the most prestigious Médoc vineyards).
  • Moderate rainfall (950 mm/y)
  • Climate change; hot dry summers, insufficient rainfall
Which and why are the cooler areas in Bordeaux
  • Northern Medoc: less forest to protect from the Atlantic Ocean, more open
  • Right bank, e.g. Libournes (St. Emilion, Pomerol), are more inland
What can influence vintage variation (in Bordeaux)?
  • frost
  • hail
  • excessive rain at key moments
  • climate change: hot year (2003)
    • low acidity
    • lack of balance
    • more alcoholic
What is the geographic location of Bordeaux?
  • Bordeaux lies in the southwest of France
  • The Atlantic Ocean in the west
  • It is traversed by the rivers Dordogne and Garonne which merge to form the river Gironde
  • The left bank are the vineyards to the west of the Garonne and Gironde
  • The right bank are the vineyards to the east of the Dordogne and Gironde
  • Entre-Deux-Mers lies between the Dordogne and Garonne
What are the challenges of the climate in Bordeaux?
  • Variable levels of grape ripeness
  • Fungal disease (from cloud cover, rain).
  • High rainfall can disrupt flowering/fruit set, promotes rot, dilutes grape flavors at harvest.
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