Bordeaux - Key developments in the history of Bordeaux

4 important questions on Bordeaux - Key developments in the history of Bordeaux

What were key developments in Bordeaux in 17th-18th century (2)

  1. The north Médoc peninsula were drained by Dutch, so vines could be planted
  2. Merchants and brokers distributed the wines and established their international reputation. The system of distribution is still in place today (Negociants).
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What were key developments in Bordeaux in the 19th century?

  1. Establishment of the classification of 1855
  2. Phylloxera (and powdery and downy mildew, black rot)
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Describe Bordeaux in figures; area under vine, price ranges, % of wine styles, % grape varieties.

Plantings
  • 111.000 ha area under vine
Price ranges
  • 70% is inexpensive - mid-priced (Bordeaux or Bordeaux Supérieur)
  • 30% (super) is premium
Wine styles
  • 85% of AOC wine is red
  • 10% of AOC wine is dry white
  • 1% of AOC wine is sweet white
  • 4% of AOC wine is rosé
Grape varieties most planted
  • Merlot is most planted grape variety, almost 60%
  • Cabernet Sauvignon 20%
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How did the classification of 1855 originate

At the time of the Exposition Universelle de Paris the Bordeaux chamber of commerce asked the region's brokers to compile a classification of the wines, based on price.
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