Central Italy - Tuscany - Denominations, wine law and regulations

10 important questions on Central Italy - Tuscany - Denominations, wine law and regulations

Where is Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG located?

  • Between Montalcino and border of Umbria
  • 250-600m east south east facing slopes of Apennines
  • Soils; heavy cool clay and sand (more aromatic)
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What are the legal requirements for Vino Nobile di Montepulciano?

  • 70–100 per cent Sangiovese.
  • Max 56 hL/ha.
  • Min two years ageing with a mandatory period of 12–24 months in wood (dependent on the subsequent amount of
  • bottle age, if any, before release.)
  • Both have cost impact.
  • Riserva wines must be aged for three years (but no additional requirement for ageing in oak).
  • Names of vineyards may be included on the label.
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Describe Morellino de Scansano DOCG

  • Close to coast in Tuscany
  • warm, moderated by altitude and cooling sea winds
  • Style: ripe fruit, black fruit, sour cherry, medium acidity, ripe tannins
  • Min 85% sangiovese
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Describe Maremma Toscana DOC in Tuscany

  • Large area 8500ha, province of Grosseto
  • Along the coast (Mediterranean sea)
  • 50% sangiovese planted, rest Cab. Sav and Vermentino
  • High yields, inexpensive wines
  • Some premium Bordeaux blends
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What is specific about Bolgheri DOC?

  • Large area, along Tuscan coast, 1200ha
  • Red Bordeaux blends is special and 80% of the area planted
  • Warm climate, cool nights -> ripe grapes
  • Varied soils, sufficient rain, irrigation allowed
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Which Bolgheri DOC is named after a specific single estate? What are the regulations?

  • Tenuta San Guido, producing Sassicaia
  • min 80% cabernet sauvignon
  • min 2 year ageing - 18 months in barrique
  • With Ornellaia (Frescobaldi) the highest quality wines around the world.
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Where is Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG located? Which laws apply

  • Within Western side of Chianti DOCG
  • First DOC since 1966
  • Hillside 200-400m
  • 14 medieval towers
  • Sandstone soils

Law
  • min 85% Vernaccia + max 10% riesling or SB
  • 63hl/ha (used to be higher yields, lack of concentration).
  • Lemon and floral notes, m+ acidity
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Some of Tuscany's most expensive wines are bottled as IGT Toscane, which are these?

  • Masseto - Merlot from Frescobaldi’s Tenuta dell’Ornellaia)
  • Solaia - Cabernet Sauvignon/Sangiovese/ Cabernet Franc blend from Antinori.
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Vin Santo is a amber coloured sweet wine from Tuscany, how is it produced? Which DOCs allow Vin Santo and at which legal requirements?

  • Appassimento method is used:
    • Traditionally the grapes were dried in the loft of the house, their juice fermented, and then the wine aged in small barrels sealed and stored unopened in the loft for many years (5–10 years).
  • Vernaccia di San Gimignano, Chianti, Chianti Classico and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.
  • Ageing in barrels:
    • Chianti Classico - 2 years
    • Vino Nobile - 3 years
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What is the name of the rare Vin Santo based on Sangiovese?

Occhio di Pernice - eye of the partridge.
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