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Study Cards on doc, italy, chianti

Which person recommended in 1872 that Sangiovese should be the dominant variety in Chianti, and Malvasia to soften the wines?
Baron Ricasoli, the later Prime Minister of Italy.
DOC set in 1967
What was sharecropping in Italy?
Up to the Second World War, a system known as sharecropping was in place.
  • Landowners allowed farmers the use of the land in return for half of the production, which resulted in little incentive to improve quality.
  • After the War, aristocratic owners of estates were joined by investors, first from Italy, and then around the world. This transformed the level of investment in the wine business in Tuscany, especially initially in Chianti Classico.
What was the traditional way of winemaking for Sangiovese? What has changed?
  • Traditionally:
    • blended with white varieties
    • Long skin contact (+30d)
    • Ageing in large neutral oak (3-4 years), to soften tannins
  • Now:
    • No white varieties
    • short maceration (7-10 days/15-25 days), depending on tannins intended
    • Temperature controlled stainless steel tanks for primary fruit, or concrete tanks
    • first new French oak: vanilla and spice
    • Now: large tonneaux, older barriques
What is produced the most in Tuscany, which DOC(g)s?
DOC 65% of all production;
50% of total is DOC(G) Chianti
20% Chianti Classico (80% exported)
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