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Study Cards on grape, medium, alentejo

Black grape varieties Dao
The key black grape varieties are Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Jaen (=Mencia) and Alfrocheiro, often blended.
Touriga Nacional has deep colour, high tannins and acidity and black fruit and floral or herbal notes.
Tinta Roriz ripens earlier and has deep colour, medium to medium (+) tannins and a full body. Both can make single varietal wines which are capable of bottle ageing or are used to lend structure to a red blend.
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White grape variety of Dao
Encruzado is the key white grape variety for high quality wines. It has medium to medium (+) acidity, can be full-bodied and has lemon and peach fruit sometimes with a floral note. It can either be fermented in neutral vessels to retain its fruit flavours or fermented and matured in oak vessels, sometimes with lees ageing and stirring, for texture.
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Soils and landscape Alentejo
The landscape is generally made up of plains and gentle slopes though there are mountains in the north, south and east of the region. There is a wide range of soils, including granite, schist and limestone with textures that range from sand to clay.
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Training system Alentejo
Most vineyards are trained and trellised to double cordon with VSP. Replacement-cane systems are gradually declining, due to the greater need for skilled labour during pruning; Alentejo is one of the most sparsely populated areas of Portuga
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