Study Cards on high, nebbiolo, white

Name some of the regions in Piemonte, north-west Italy.
See map.
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What are the specifications of the Nebbiolo grape?
  • Black variety
  • early budding, late ripening (spring frost, rot)
  • Vigorous variety; canopy mgnt important, time consuming
  • Small, Thick skinned; high tannins, high alcohol, high acidity
  • Pale ruby to pale garnet (3-5yrs)
  • Pronounced intensity; tar, violet, rose, red cherry, red plum
  • Name derived from Nebbia = fog
  • Related to Freisa and Viognier
  • Best when summer is warm and autumn dry
  • Only 3% of Piemontese wines.
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Where do the Nebbiolo grapes grow the best?
  • Best on calcareous marls; finest, most perfumed wines
  • Ok on sand
  • South- and southwest facing sites in the Langhe.
  • High trained, more buds needed (first few infertile).
  • Single guyot, very vigorous, needs thinning, time consuming.
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What is the difference of Dolcetto in comparison to Nebbiolo and Barbera grape varieties?
  • Ripens earlier
  • Can grow on cooler sites
  • Low vigour
  • Now reduced, Nebbiolo gets higher prices
  • Used as a cash wine while the other two mature.
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What is a difficult characteristic of Dolcetto?
It is reductive in the winery;
  • needs pumping over for oxygen
  • requires mid-range fermentation
  • short skin contact
  • soft pressing - to avoid naturally high tannins
  • To preserve primary fruit; stainless steel or cement vats
  • Inexpensive to mid priced
  • Style: soft, fruity, low acid, light tannins, cherry fruit
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Name another red variety of Piemonte beside Barbera, Dolcetto, Nebbiolo?
Freisa, a local variety - highly aromatic
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What is Cortese? In which wines is it found?
  • High yielding white variety
  • Light intensity aromas of lemon, apple/pear and white flowers
  • high acidity and medium body.
  • Thin-skinned and susceptible to grey rot in rainy conditions
  • Wines Aged in stainless steel containers to preserve the primary fruit.
  • Most wines are made for early drinking, not complex


  • Gavi (or Cortese di Gavi) DOCG: 100% Cortese
  • Gavi di Gavi DOCG from grapes grown within the municipality of Gavi itself.
  • Riserva wines are limited to 45 hL/ha and must be aged for one year in any vessel before release.
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What is Arneis and where is it found?
  • Most Arneis is grown in the Roero area.
  • Light intensity but complex aromas of white flowers, chamomile, white peach and lemon.
  • medium (–) acidity.
  • good quality, inexpensive to mid-priced, with some premium examples.
  • Grapes must be picked as soon as the desired ripeness is reached as the acidity drops very rapidly.
  • Care must be taken in the winery to minimise oxygen contact as it oxidises easily.
  • Roero Arneis DOCG;  min 95% Arneis.
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