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Study Cards on high, saint-émilion, aoc

Characterise (the wines)of the Right Bank of Bordeaux. Which grapes are dominant?
Red wines
Many small estates

Merlot dominant due to cool, clay soils
Then CF and some CS
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What do Saint-Émilion AOC vs Saint-Émilion Grand Cru AOC have in common, and what is different?
In common:
  • Same area
  • Red wine only
  • Merlot dominant 60%, CF next

Difference
  • AOC 53 hl/ha vs Grand cru 46 hl/ha
  • AOC 6 months min maturation vs Grand cru 20 months
  • Has own classification system:
    • fruity and early drinking simple wines,
    • plus top wines comparable with first growths of 1855 classification:
      • here red and black plum, vanilla, clove, full body, m+/high acidity and m+/high alcohol and tannins
      • fruit-acidity-tannins > ageing potential
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Where are the Saint-Émilion satellites based and which 4 are these?
  • Close to Saint-Émilion, but further from Dordogne river
  • Same rules als Saint-Émilion
  • Four AOC's, two largest:
    • Montagne Saint-Émilion AOC
    • Lussac-Saint-Émilion AOC
    • Puisseguin
    • Saint Georges
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Describe the wines and growing environment of Pomerol AOC on the Right Bank of Bordeaux.
  • Very prestigious appellation
  • Red only
  • mainly Merlot 80%) , followed by CF
  • Max yield 49 hl/ha
  • no classification system, but some properties with highest reputation (e.g. Petrus, Le Pin)
  • small properties (Petrus < 12 ha vs left bank 80-100 ha)
    • high priced super-super premium
  • pronounced red and black fruit, vanilla, full body, high alcohol, m/+ - high acidity, med/+ - high tannins.
  • high fruit, acidity and tannins > can age for years in bottle
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Where is Lalande de Pomerol AOC and what is the difference with Pomerol?
  • Larger satellite
  • slightly higher yields than Pomerol AOC
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