South of France - Languedoc - IGP wines

4 important questions on South of France - Languedoc - IGP wines

Describe IGP wines of Languedoc in figures

  • Nearly 70% of production Languedoc
  • Regulations more flexible than AOC, max yields
    • 90 hl/ha red and white
    • 100 hl/ha rosé
    • 58 grape varieties are allowed
  • Production levels give per hectare more volume and lower cost; attractive for inexpensive priced wines; commercial succes.
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Which category has been at the root of the commercial succes in Languedoc

  • IGP wines, especially when labelled with a grape variety
  • High volumes, low cost per hectare due to high yields
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Which are the Three forms of IGP in France that can overlap?

  • Regional = IGP pays d'Oc
    • for all Languedoc/Roussillon
  • Departemental
    • e.g. IGP Gard
  • Smaller unit named after historical or geographical feature
    • e.g. IGP Côtes de Tongue
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IGP Pays d'Oc is a regional IGP for the whole of Languedoc-Roussilon, and by far the biggest producer of IGP wines in France. Give more facts.

  • 10-15% of all French wine
  • Biggest producer of IGP wines in France
  • Red just over 50% of total production
  • White 25% of total production, Rose slightly less than 25%
  • usually fresh, fruity and unoaked > expression of variety
  • good-very good
  • inexpensive - medium priced
  • top four grape varieties for single variety IGP wines:
    • Merlot
    • Cabernet Sauvignon
    • Chardonnay
    • Syrah
  • next: Grenache noir, sauvignon blanc, cinsaut and 21% others
  • Half production sold in France (supermarkets, and hospitality)
  • Export Germany - Netherlands - Belgium
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