Study Cards on intensity, hazards, high

What is the climate of Tuscany? Which hazards does it have?
  • Warm Mediterranean with adequate rainfall
  • Altitude in the inland areas is an important cooling influence.
  • Most of the rain falls in autumn and winter.
  • Inland, summers can be hot and winters cold.


The climate hazards are:
  • Occasional spring frost, hail, and rain during the harvest period.
  • Summer drought and prolonged high temperatures (leading to the cessation of photosynthesis and therefore incomplete ripening of skins and seeds) can be hazards in some years.
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What are the characteristics of Sangiovese in Tuscany and Italy?
  • Dominant black variety of Tuscany
  • Most planted in Italy - 10%
  • Typically medium intensity Ruby
  • Red cherry, red plum and herbal notes
  • Medium to full body
  • High acidity, High tannins.
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What was the aim of the Chianti classico 2000 project?
  • The aims were smaller berries, thicker skins, and more open bunches to produce wines with deeper colour, more flavour intensity and greater disease resistance.
  • The project produced seven clones that have been widely planted.
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Describe the grape variety Trebbiano Toscano
  • Ugni Blanc in France, for Brandy
  • Declining in popularity; lacks fruit, low flavour intensity, more demand for red wines
  • Late budding, vigorous and high yielding
  • Ripens well in sunshine and heat
  • High acidity: important for sweet Vin Santo blend.
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What are the blending partners of Sangiovese? Mention local and international varieties?
  • Local: Canaiolo Nero
  • International: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Syrah
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What was the most popular variety in Chianti before the 19th Century? What does it supply in a blend?
  • Canaiolo Nero
  • Promotes Red berries, floral aromas, light tannins
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