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Study Cards on jura, france, vin

Jura is very small (0,5% of and under vine in France) but produces distinctive wines. From which local varieties, and which well-known varieties? What styles are highly distinctive?
  • White Savagnin
  • black Poulsard and Trousseau
  • Pinot Noir and Chardonnay
  • Styles: Vin Jaune (5%) and Vin de Paille
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Describe the growing environment and climate of Jura.
  • In east of France, border of Switzerland
  • West facing slopes, Jura mountains; 250-400m
  • Moderate continental climate
  • High rainfall > 1100mm annually
  • spring frost can be issue, also flowering
  • Wet weather: extra cost for controlling weeds, fungal diseases.
  • Hail problems
  • Climate change: extra warmt and good sunshine
  • Soils: clay and marl with limestone
  • Machine harvest becomes popular
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Much Winemaking in Jura is done in old barrels of various sizes, with very little new oak usage. How long is maturation in general?
  • Less than 1 year to preserve primary fruit and cost.
  • Also Chardonnay as a Burgundy style; barrel fermented, with lees stirring.
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What is Vin de Paille from Jura?
  • In small amounts made, a sweet wine made by drying the grapes off the vine.
  • All Jura varieties except Pinot Noir are permitted.
  • The wines must be above 14% abv, and residual sugar levels are typically 70–120 g/L.
  • They must be aged in oak for a minimum of 18 months and released no sooner than three years after vintage.
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How is the wine business divided in Jura? Which producers do you know?
  • Divided between estates 50%, négociants (30%) and four co-operatives.
  • Three companies account for nearly 50 per cent of the wine sold:
    • Coop Fruitière Vinicole d’Arbois
    • Négociant La Maison de Vigneron (owned by Grands Chais de France)
    • Henri Maire (owned by Boisset and a very small négociant business but retaining large vineyard holdings).

  • Both organic grape growing (about 20 per cent of vineyards, around twice the French average) and natural winemaking are important in the region, contributing to Jura’s reputation for artisan wines.
  • 20% export, is increasing.
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