Study Cards on piemonte, barbaresco, traditional

What are the top 6 grape varieties of Piemonte in North-West Italy?
  1. Barbera - the most popular variety
  2. Moscato Bianco (for sparkling)
  3. Dolcetto (white)
  4. Nebbiolo
  5. Cortese
  6. Brachetto (for sparkling)


It also grows Arneis (white)
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Describe the climate of Piemonte, what is protecting the region and which threats does it have?
  • Moderate continental climate; cold winters, hot summers
  • Protected from cold northern winds and excessive rainfall by Alps
  • Protected from weather influences from the Mediterranean by the Apennines
  • Threats:
    • hail, thunderstorm and fog.
    • Late frost
    • rainfall increases in Sept/Oct -> nebbiolo is a late harvest variety -> rot
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Why are Barolo and Barbaresco popular for export?
  • As an alternative for top quality Bordeaux and Burgundy
  • Nebbiolo for its high acidity, tannins and capacity to develop tertiary flavours in the bottle
  • Export; 85 and 75% respectively (USA, Germany, UK, Scandinavia)
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Name some famous key Piemonte producers
  • Mascarello; Barolo traditional style, Monprivato is top wine, 12ha
  • Guiseppe Rinaldi 'citrico'; traditional style Barolo
  • Gaja; Langhe/Barbaresco 100ha, modernised Piemonte winemaking:
    • controlled temperature fermentation
    • MLF
    • New oak
    • International varieties
    • Flagship; DOCG Gaja Barbaresco; 14 zones, 100% nebbiolo (like Ch. Lafite)
    • Also owns vineyards in Brunello di Montalcino and Bolgheri
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