These are flashcards an notes made by students on topics like 'rías', 'baixas' and 'growers', originating from:

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Study Cards on rías, baixas, growers

What is the biggest producer in Rías Baixas, how many growers?
Martin Códax, 300 growers (in total there are 5500 growers on 4000ha)
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Describe the growing environment of Rías Baixas and the challenges it has
  • North west of Spain, just above Portugal
  • Along the Atlantic ocean
  • Has a maritime climate, moderated by the ocean
  • High annual rainfall - fungal diseases are a risk
  • Soil sand over granite: very good drainage for so much rain
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What is the most famous grape variety for Rías Baixas, and what are the characteristics. Can it be blended? With what?
  • Alvarinho - 95% planted; mostly monocepage.
  • Thick skin, protects against rot, can become fully ripe.
  • High acidity, medium body, medium alcohol
  • Apple, lemon, grapefruit, melon and peach (sometimes floral)
  • blends with: Loureiro (floral and herbal), Treixadura (low acidity), Caino Blanco
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Rías Baixas has 5 subzones; which are these and what are the differences in style of wines?
  1. Val do Salnés; oldest, biggest plantings, directly on the coast; coolest  and wettest
  2. O Rosal; along Minho, border of Portugal; often blends.  Warmer; lower acidity
  3. Condado do Tea; inland, even warmer; peach fruit, lower acidity
  4. Ribeira do Ulla; new, inexpensive wines
  5. Soutomaior; smallest
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What is the trellising system in Galicia, Rías Baixas? What are the benefits?
  • Pergola = Parral
  • Crops underneath
  • Good air circulation, reducing diseases
  • slightly cooler
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How are the mid-priced to expensive wines vilified in Rías Baixas?
  • Mid-priced, one or two years on the lees, not stirred; light creaminess
  • More expensive; in large old oak or portion of new oak.
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