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Study Cards on roussillon, grape, climate

What is the climate of Roussillon?
  • Warm, windy Mediterranean
  • moderate rainfall (500-600mm/y)
  • high sunshine hours
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of the climate of Roussillon?
  • Frequent winds and low rainfall
    • + reduction of fungal diseases
    • - reduction of yield
    • + raise of fruit concentration
  • Dry years > drought stress
    • - reduction of yield
  • High portion of certified organic grape growing, 15%
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What are the most important Grape varieties in Roussillon for red wine? The majority of production is red, followed by rosé
  1. Grenache Noir
  2. Syrah
  3. Carignan
  4. Mourvèdre
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What are the Grape varieties for white wine in Roussillon?
  1. Muscats: M.Blanc and M.of Alexandria (mainly for fortified wines)
  2. Macabeu (Viura in Spain)
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How are vines trained in Roussillon?
  • Historically as bushvines - adapted to the climate, work by hand is expensive
  • Recent decades also trellises, but not much flat land available to use this system
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