Study Cards on trentino, santo, wines
- Most common black in Trentino
- Black cherry
- Historically trained on pergolas for high yields.
- Quality minded growers now using Guyot. It can suffer from drying out of stems but is less susceptible to mildews than the other two varieties.
- The best clones are 145 and 152 for intense aromas.
- The best quality wines come from the Teroldego Rotaliano DOC on sandy and gravelly soils in the far north of Trentino.
- Outside Teroldego Rotaliano DOC, Teroldego cannot be bottled as Trentino DOC but as Vini delle Dolomiti IGT (which includes wines from both Trentino and Alto-Adige).
- From Trentino region in North-East part
- Red cherry
- This black variety is prone to botrytis bunch rot and powdery mildew.
- Older vines were usually trained on pergolas; newer lower-yielding clones have been trained as spurred cordons.
- The best, ripest, wines come from the Ziresi subzone of the Trentino DOC due to full sun exposure and rich calcareous/clay and basalt soils
- Trentino & Alto Adige
- ripe berry fruit
- This variety needs a warm site with plenty of sunshine to ripen fully.
- It can be subject to poor fruit set and thus low yields.
- Bitterness and some harshness on the finish is being addressed by shorter maceration times and oak ageing.
- Because of its deep colour, the variety is also used for rosés.
- The wines can be labelled in either Italian or German as ‘red’ and ‘rosé’: Lagrein rubino/dunkel and Lagrein rosato/kretzer.
- Made from the white variety Nosiola grown in the Valley of the Lakes (Garda) in Trentino, the warmest area with a sub-continental climate.
- It produces a small volume of distinctive white wines with a light hazelnut flavour.
- It is also made in a semi-dried fruit version, called Vino Santo (not Vin Santo). The hazelnut flavour is from the fruit, not from oak.
- It is vulnerable to spring frosts, powdery mildew and sour rot.
- The dry wine is mid-priced, the Vino Santo premium priced.
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