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Study Cards on vineyards, chablis, wines

What can you tell about the vineyards of the Petit Chablis appellation and the wines it gives?
These are typically higher, cooler vineyards, predominantly with Portlandian soils (hard limestone with less clay)
The vineyards are predominantly on flat land or on gentle slopes with North facing sites.

This leads to light bodied wines, notable for their high acidity, with light intensity and green apple and lemon fruit.
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What are the advantages of the south-facing slopes of the both Chablis Grand Cru and Premier Cru appellations? What is the result in style of wines?
  • The slope means that vineyards are better drained and better protected from frost
  • The southerly aspect means better light interception and therefore riper fruit
  • Grand cru: extra benefit from shelter from winds from the north due to a belt of trees.
  • Result: greater concentration, body and capacity to age.
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What can you tell about the vineyards of the Chablis AOC and the wines it gives?
This is a large area of Kimmeridgian soil and mixed aspects. The vineyards are predominantly on flat land or on gentle slopes. Many north faces sites.

This leads to light bodied wines, notable for their high acidity with medium intensity and green apple and lemon fruit.

2/3 of all Chablis production
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What makes the soil in Chablis so special?
It has a considerable amount of fossilized seashells in the limestone and clay soils. It is known as Kimmeridgian soil.
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What can you tell about  the vineyards of the Chablis 1er Cru appellation and the wines it makes?
  • Chablis Premier Cru:
  • 40 named vineyards have premier cru status
  • They are predominantly on south and south-east facing slopes of Kimmeridgian soil
  • Some larger premier cru vineyards have specified named plots (lieux-dits)
  • Riper fruits flavours, heavier body, creamier texture with greater integration, minerality.

Examples: Fourchaume (N-W facing), Montée de Tonnerre, Vaillons, Montmains.
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What can you tell about the Chablis Grand Cru appellation and the wines it gives?
Chablis Grand Cru:
  • In a block on the north-eastern side of the city Chablis, right back of the Serein river (south-west exposure) on a relatively homogenous slope.
  • It is one single grand cru with 7 named vineyards:
    1. Blanchot
    2. Bougros
    3. Les Clos
    4. Les Grenouilles
    5. Les Preuses
    6. Valmur
    7. Vaudésir
  • 1 % of the total production in the Chablis
  • Fruit has greater weight and concentration
  • Smoky complex flavours.
  • Needs bottle ageing (10 to 20 years)
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What is a climat and what is a lieu-dit?
A climat is a named vineyard fixed in AOC legislation
A Lieu-dit is a named piece of land or plot in the centralised land register.
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