Chile - The Growing Environment and Grape Growing

6 important questions on Chile - The Growing Environment and Grape Growing

Where are Chile's vineyards situated

  • 30-38S
  • 1.000 km long, < 100 km wide
  • Atacama Desert to the north
  • Andes mountains to the east
  • Pacific Ocean to the west
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What are cooling influences in Chilean vineyards

  • Pacific Ocean
  • Humboldt Current from Antartica
  • El Niño
  • altitude
  • gaps in coastal ranges
  • air descending from Andes mountains at night
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What is a reason for marked production differences yearly

El Niño which occurs every 2-10 years
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How come Chile have lots of old vines

Chile remained phylloxera free thanks to its geographical barriers and strict quarantaine rules
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How are the growing conditions across Chile's vineyards and why

  • Intense sunshine > grapes ripen reliably with high levels of tannins and anthocyanins
  • fungal diseases only in humid (coastal) area's
  • > organic - sustainable viticulture widely practiced
  • low rainfall
    • irrigations > melting water from Andes via rivers or aquifers via wells
  • forest fires threat
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Training system Chile

  • Old bush vines
  • newly planted > VSP
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