Study Cards on wine, german, wines

German wine law (1971) is in addition of the EU wine law, what is it based on?
  • Based on classifying grapes to their must weight at harvest.
  • Few rules on grape growing and wine making; with limited restrictions on yields
  • It has four quality levels in order of must weight.
  • Grapes for BA and above require hand-harvest
  • Harmonization with EU system in 2009
What are the four quality levels in the German Wine Law. Where are these based on?
By increasing order:
  1. Deutscher Wein
  2. LandWein (PGI)
  3. Qualitätswein (PDO)
  4. Prädikatswein (PDO)

Based on must weight at harvest.
What is Deutscher Wein within the German Wine Law and Regulations.
  • The lowest quality level based on must weight, formerly known as Tablewein.
  • Wine without Geographical Indication
  • Alcohol between 8,5% abv and 15% abv
  • Any style allowed
  • Inexpensive, drink young
  • Tiny part of annual production (4% incl. Landwein).
What is Landwein in the German Wine Law and Regulations?
  • Introduced in 1982
  • PGI Wine
  • 85% must originate from the Landwein region on the label
  • Alcohol between 8,5% and 15% abv
  • Most regions: trocken or halbtrocken, few: sweeter styles.
  • 4% of production, together with Deutscher Wein
What are the regulations for German Qualitätswein?
  1. It is a PDO category
  2. Qualitätswein was formerly known as Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA). The German term for
  3. PDO is geschützte Ursprungsbezeichnung (g.U.)
  4. Less stringent regulations that Prädikatswein
  5. Exclusively from one of the 13 Anbaugebiete (designation regions)
  6. Name of the region must be on the label
  7. All styles allowed
  8. Includes all Liebfraumilch
  9. Minimum alcohol maybe lower than 7% abv to allow for sweeter wines
  10. No maximum % abv
  11. Enrichment/Chaptalization permitted (as for Deutscher Wein and Landwein)
  12. Must undergo laboratory analysis
  13. Must undergo blind tasting
  14. AP number for qualified wines.
What is an AP number for German Qualitätswein?
Amtliche Prüfungsnummer is a number which must appear on the label of a German Qualitätswein. This 10 to 12 digit number indicates where and when the wine was tested (laboratory analysis and blind tasting), the location of the vineyard and the bottler’s specific lot number (unique for each bottling).
What does the labelling term 'feinherb' mean on Germany wines?
Producers who still produce wines that could be labelled as halbtrocken, which sounds negative for most wine drinkers, now either make no reference to sweetness on the label or use the term feinherb. A term with less obvious connotations (literal translation is ‘fine dry’) and not defined by law, feinherb is
used for wines which fall within the legal definition of halbtrocken but also extends to those with slightly higher levels of residual sugar.
What are the ways on German wine bottles to indicate the range of sweetness levels?
  • Most common in Mosel
  • Goldkapsel "gold capsule"; designates wines the are characterised by botrytis - shorter capsule higher level of concentration, longer capsule a further level, above Auslese.
  • Selection
  • Classic
Another labelling term in Germany is Liebfraumilch. What style of wine is this?
  • Synonym for inexpensive wines with medium sweetness
  • Qualitätswein level with at least 18g/l rs
  • at least from 70% Riesling, MT and Kerner
  • Produced in 4 regions: Rheinhessen, Pfalz, Rheingau and Nahe.
  • brand names: black tower, blue nun
  • popular in the 1980s
  • A legally defined term
What is the Rheingau Charta in German wine labelling?
  • Introduced in 1984 to promote dry wines from the best vineyard sites of the Rheingau.
  • Term Erstes Gewächs was introduced for the best sites in Rheingau and is now a legally-protected term for wines from these sites, wines must be produced exclusively from Riesling or Spätburgunder;
  • Grapes must be hand-harvested from lower-yielding vineyards.
  • The wines must be dry with a minimum must weight equivalent to Spätlese.
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