Study Cards on wine, south, industry

The South African wine industry changed in the 1990s, what caused this change and what changed in terms of politics, wine business, grape growing and export?
  • Before 1990s the industry (production and prices) was dominated by Kooperatieve Wijnbouwers Vereniging a giant cooperation
  • modern industry since 1994, when the ANC won the democratic elections
  • Varieties of Chenin Blanc, Colombard and Cinsaut were used for brandy before 2017. 1/3 for wine only
  • 2017 change to 4/5th of grapes are on the market as wine
  • Doubling of black varieties to 45%
  • Chenin blanc still most planted variety 20%
  • Export boom, domestic market slowed down
South Africa History (6)
  • 360 years of wine history since European settlers at Cape of Good Hope

  • Since 1994 transformed in  modern Industry when African National Congress won the first democratic elections - end apartheid

  • Before 1990's industry was dominated by the giant cooperative KWV 'Koöperatieve Wijnbouwers Vereniging'

  • Before 1990's 1/3 of grape production ended up in wine

  • By 2017 4/5 of the wine grapes reaching the wine market

  • Rise of small quality estates
South Africa Market
  • Chenin Blanc continues to be dominant grape variety
  • Nowadays 45 % black grape varieties are planted
  • Over the past 25 years export has increased from 22 milion litres in 1992 to 450 million litres in 2017
Which region of in South Africa' wine regions produces highest yields
  • Breede River Valley Region with the districts
    • Breedekloof (most rainfall of the three)
    • Worcester
    • Robertson
  • Relatively flat
  • Fertile soils
  • Irrigation
  • Historically grapes for distillation
  • Now also top production of Cap Classique and Chardonnay due to some spots of limestone soils in Robertson
    • Graham Beck (Cap Classique specialist)
    • De Wetshof (pioneer of Chardonnay)
What are the 5 regions of South Africa as defined in the Wine of Origin Scheme of 1973.
  1. Coastal Region
  2. Breede River Valley
  3. Kleine Karoo
  4. Olifantsrivier
  5. Boberg
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