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Study Cards on wines, century, german

What name of wines are synonymous with inexpensive German wines with medium sweetness? Which varieties are used for these wines?
  • Liebfraumilch; Labelled Black Tower, Blue Nun (60% of the export in the 1980s)
  • Varieties: Müller Thurgau and Kerner
Which German vineyards were famous and influential, dating back to the Middle Ages and had plantings in the 12th century.
  • Schloss Johannisberg
  • Kloster Eberbach
During the past centuries German wines were often in decline. What caused this and in which era?
  • Early 17th century: Thirty Years War; plantings of more lucrative grains for beer and bread. Vineyards pushed onto the steeper slopes.
  • 1830s recovery: new wine laws based on must weight (Oechsle)
  • 1871 unified country (before often at war)
  • End of 19th century decline: phylloxera, mildew, and two World Wars
The reputation (and decline) of German wines was influenced by:

  • History: middle ages, schloss Johannisberg and kloster Eberbach in Rheingau, first planted in 12th century
  • 16th century: river Rhine helped as a waterway to widely export, but decline to Thirty Years war and bear and bread were more lucrative, so vines replaced by grains.
  • End of 19th century/20th century: phylloxera and mildew, two World Wars. Impact of the war was production of high volume and inexpensive branded wines.
  • 1900-1945: area under vine halved due to wars (90.000 -> 50.000ha)
  • 1950 Flurbereinigung program was started.
What does Flurbereinigung means in Germany? What did it impact and improve?
  • 1950-1990: had a large increase in production due to mainly higher yields accompanied by a radical restructuring named Flurbereinigung.
  • This radical restructuring, Flurbereinigung, improved to access (roads), drainage & workability of the high quality site vineyards. With the aim to increase efficiency, making mechanisation easier and so reducing costs.
  • different way of trellising; single and double replacement-cane pruning with VSP and Pendelbogen
  • Improved accessibility and efficiency by tractors also on steep slopes (terraced or planted up the slopes)
The German Wine institute promotes quality and sales of German wines. Which campaigns do you know? What are the top five export markets?
  • Riesling weeks
  • Generation Riesling

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