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Study Cards on wines, century, german

What name of wines are synonymous with inexpensive German wines with medium sweetness? Which varieties are used for these wines?
  • Liebfraumilch; Labelled Black Tower, Blue Nun (60% of the export in the 1980s)
  • Varieties: Müller Thurgau and Kerner
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Which German vineyards were famous and influential, dating back to the Middle Ages and had plantings in the 12th century.
  • Schloss Johannisberg
  • Kloster Eberbach
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During the past centuries German wines were often in decline. What caused this and in which era?
  • Early 17th century: Thirty Years War; plantings of more lucrative grains for beer and bread. Vineyards pushed onto the steeper slopes.
  • 1830s recovery: new wine laws based on must weight (Oechsle)
  • 1871 unified country (before often at war)
  • End of 19th century decline: phylloxera, mildew, and two World Wars
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The reputation (and decline) of German wines was influenced by:

  • History: middle ages, schloss Johannisberg and kloster Eberbach in Rheingau, first planted in 12th century
  • 16th century: river Rhine helped as a waterway to widely export, but decline to Thirty Years war and bear and bread were more lucrative, so vines replaced by grains.
  • End of 19th century/20th century: phylloxera and mildew, two World Wars. Impact of the war was production of high volume and inexpensive branded wines.
  • 1900-1945: area under vine halved due to wars (90.000 -> 50.000ha)
  • 1950 Flurbereinigung program was started.
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What does Flurbereinigung means in Germany? What did it impact and improve?
  • 1950-1990: had a large increase in production due to mainly higher yields accompanied by a radical restructuring named Flurbereinigung.
  • This radical restructuring, Flurbereinigung, improved to access (roads), drainage & workability of the high quality site vineyards. With the aim to increase efficiency, making mechanisation easier and so reducing costs.
  • different way of trellising; single and double replacement-cane pruning with VSP and Pendelbogen
  • Improved accessibility and efficiency by tractors also on steep slopes (terraced or planted up the slopes)
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The German Wine institute promotes quality and sales of German wines. Which campaigns do you know? What are the top five export markets?
  • Riesling weeks
  • Generation Riesling


  1. USA
  2. NL
  3. UK
  4. Norway
  5. Sweden
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