Austria - Regions - Niederösterreich (Lower Austria)
7 important questions on Austria - Regions - Niederösterreich (Lower Austria)
What are the wine regions in Niederösterreich? Total of 28.000ha (out of 45.000ha in total Austria)
- Along Danube: Wachau, Kremstal, Kamptal, Traisental and Wagram
- Warmer Pannonian plain to the south: Thermenregion
Grüner covering almost 50% of all plantings; mainly white 2/3 in these three regions.
Describe the wine region of Wachau in Niederösterreich.
- North bank of Danube river
- On steep terraces, south facing for maximum sun, retain the heat during day and give it back during the night; ensuring ripe fruit, river reflects heat and sun.
- Riesling planted on Gneiss, main grape, never blended
- Grüner V planted on Loess, main grape, never blended.
- Irrigation often necessary, only 460mm of rain per year
- style is preferred dry (sometimes noble rot)
- DAC Wachau and Vinea Wachau
- Family owned businesses: FX Pichler, Hiedler, Franz Hirtzberger, Knoll, Franz Frischengruber
- Quality driven coop: Domäne Wachau.
Where is Kremstal situated in Austria? What wines are produced here?
- On the Pannonian plane, south east.
- To the west of Wachau, around town Krems
- Influenced by warm Pannonian plain - > also some Zweigelt possible to grow. It’s warmer than Wachau.
- Producers: Undhof, Lenz Moser, coop Weingut Stadt Krems
- DAC only for Riesling and GV; dry style m/h acidity, m/f body
- RED wines called Niederösterreich (25% of the plantings); most of Zweigelt; fruity and easy drinking. minimal oak.
Where is Kamptal located in Austria, which type of wines are produced here?
- Part of Pannonian Plain in Niederösterreich.
- Along River Kamp, around town Langenlois. North of Danube.
- > 50% Grüner Veltliner, then Zweigelt and Riesling.
- Similar climate as Kremstal but less humidity (and less botrytis).
- Cooling air from Bohemian massif, winds from warm Pannonian plain -> large diurnal range, high level of acidity, also red varieties: Zweigelt and Pinot Noir.
- DAC only for Riesling and GV
- RED wines called Niederösterreich. Also some large oak 12 months.
- Producers: Bründlmayer, Hirsch
Where is the wine region of Wagram, what is its style and classification?
- Both north and south of the Danube, rolling hils
- Influenced by warm Pannonian plain
- Based on Loess -> GV most widely planted. In Klassik and Reserve style, Reserve with some oak influences.
- Most wines are Dry, some Eiswein and Late harvest.
- Also Roter Veltliner; full body whites, nutty aromas when aging
- no DAC but ÖTW
Describe the wine region of Weinviertel and its classification and style of wines.
- Weinviertel: the largest, 18.000ha, 50% of Grüner, also Sekt, 1st DAC in 2002.
- Other wines are labelled “wines of NiederO”.
- fairly dry 400-600mm
- High diurnal range due to cooling breezes from the north. Giving peppery aromas and high acidity (citrus, green fruit).
- DAC only for GV
- Reserve: min 13% abv, some oak ageing and/or incl. of botrytis affected grapes allowed.
- The most peppery GV in Austria
- Producers: Sohm & Kracher, Setzer
Where is the Thermenregion, what is special about this region?
- South of Vienna
- Influenced by warm Pannonian plain (warm air) -> 50% black varieties since they can ripen consistently
- Pinot Noir and Sankt Laurent; red fruit, spicy aromas, high acidity, ageing potential.
- Whites: Neuburger (most planted white, floral, spicy), Rotgipfler, Zierfandler or blend of the last two (peach, honey, spice flavours).
- No DAC
- Producer: Hannes Hofer
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