Study Cards on wines, wine, producers

Short history of Chile
  • Spanish settlers V.Vinfera 1550s
  • 1851 vines from Bordeaux and French winemaker
  • start 20th century > booming wine industry but cheap basic wines consumed domestic
  • mid 20th century > domestic demand declined, Chile politically isolated from outside world
  • > half vineyards pulled out by early 1980s
  • 1980s-1990s: democracy > free market
    • replanting and investments > quality wines came
  • past 10 years > now one of the most dynamic wine regions
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Labeling rules Chilean wines

  • 75% of the grapes must be from that region
    • 85% for wines being exported (>EU rule)
  • Varietal > 75% of that variety
    • 85% for wines being exported (>EU rule)
  • DO wines must have at least 11,5% ABV
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What is the meaning of 'Riserva' etc. On a bottle of Chilean wines
  • Some have more alcohol
  • Some had minimum  6 months of oak
  • some producers use the terms to distinguish between wines in their portfolio
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Principal wine regions of Chile and their sub-regions
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui
    • Limari
  • Aconcagua
    • Aconcagua Valley
    • Casablanca Valley
    • San Antonio
  • Central Valley
    • Maipo Valley
    • Rapel Valley
    • Cachapoal Valley
    • Colchagua Valley
    • Curicó Valley
    • Maule Valley
  • Southern Region
    • Itata Valley
    • Bío Bío Valley
    • Malleco Valley
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Wine business: producers in Chile
  • 80% produces by 4 companies:
    • Concha y Toro
    • Santa Rita
    • Santa Carolina
    • San pedro
  • They own numerous vineyards in different regions
  • also source grapes from significant number of smaller growers
  • also have wineries in Argentina
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Foreign investors in Chile
  • Torres
  • Mouton Rothschild
  • Lafite Rothschild
  • Kendall-Jackson
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What is MOVI in Chile?
  • Movimiento de Viñateros Independientes
  • group of small producers making quality wine that promote themselves together in the domestic and export markets
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