Summary: D5 Fortified Wines

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Read the summary and the most important questions on D5 Fortified Wines

  • 1 SHERRY

  • 1.1 History

  • When was the first Spanish wine-related regulatory council formed, why and what is the name

    • In 1933
    • the Consejo Regulador 
    • to protect the quality of the original Spanish sherry: other countries begun to produce poor-quality 'sherries'
  • When was sherry booming

    In the 1970's, with a peak in 1979: 1.5 million hl
  • What was the reason of the decrease in sherry sales (starting in the 1980s0?

    Younger generations sought out different styles of wines
  • What was the consequence of the decrease in demand for sherry starting in the 1980s?

    A surplus of sherry, largely formed of cheap and low quality wines.
  • What do you know about Ruiz Mateos S.A

    • a business also known as Rumasa
    • started as almacenista 
    • started shipping his own wine in 1950
    • supplied big brands like Harveys of Bristol > Bristol Cream
      • > considerably wealth
      • > begun to build his imperium
        • sherry - banks - hotels
    • 1970s dominated the sherry business
      • consolidation of production facilities
        • > drove down prices
        • > negative influence on sherry industry in following decades
    • 1983: government nationalised Rumaso, claiming unpaid taxes
      • > Rumasa's Bodega's closed > unemployment and social unrest
    • Lots of other bodegas closed or merged because could not survive in this period with surpluses of mainly bad quality sherries 
  • 1.2.1 Location and Climate

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  • Where is the Sherry area located

    • in Andalusia in southern Spain
    • low lattitude (36gr)
    • low altitude (0-90 m above sea level)
    • with the Atlantic Ocean at its south
  • What is the climate in the Sherry area

    • Hot Mediterranean 
    • with hot, dry summers and mild, relatively rainy winters
    • high number of cloud-free days
      • > high sunlight hours during growing season
      • > helping giving fully ripe grapes
        • but: grapes can get sunburn
  • What influences the climate in the Sherry area

    The Atlantic Ocean bringing two winds:
    • the Poniente
      • cool damp wind bringing a cooling, humid influence in the summer
    • the Levante
      • hot, drying wind from north Africa making the climate more arid 
  • What could be a negative influence of the hot wind Levante for sherry production

    • the wind makes the climate more arid
    • grapes transpire more quickly > concentrating sugars
    • too much sugar makes it difficult the wine to ferment to dryness
    • which is particularly difficult for the development of flor
  • Where must the grapes for DO Jerez-Xeres-Sherry or DO Manzanilla-Sanlúcar de Barrameda be grown

    • A delimited area of around 7.000 ha around the city of Jerez de la Frontera
    • = Zona de Producción = Marco de Jerez
    • Exception: Pedro Ximénez can come from Montilla Morilles

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