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Summary developmental psychology

- Berk
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A snapshot of the summary - developmental psychology Author: Berk

  • 1 history, theory and applied directions

  • continuous vs discontinuous development
    countinuous: constant adding and honing of new types of skills 
    Discontinuous: passing through different stages in development, each with it's own perspective and challenges.
  • What defines the normative approach?
    It studies large numbers of children of all ages to determine which behaviors normally appear at which times
  • What are the 5 stages of freud's theory and their approximate periods?
    Oral: 0-1
    Anal: 1-3
    Phallic: 3-6 oedipus complex arises and sets as the child imitating the same sex parent, giving birth to the superego.
    Latency: 6-11 sexual instincts die down and the superego strengthens
    Genital: 11-18
  • Name the wo behavioristis perspectives named in this chapter
    Bandura (social learning) and Piaget
  • name the four stages of development according to piaget
    Sensimotor stage 0-2 making sense of the world
    preoperational stage 2-7 symbollic but illogical thinking
    concrete operational stage 7-11 conservation 
    formal operational stage 11< abstract thought
  • What does developmental cognitive  neuroscience study?
    It studies the relationship between developments in the brain, and behavior and cognition.
  • Sociocultural theory focusses on:
    culture and interaction (Vygotsky)
  • What is ecological systems theory? (Bronfenbrenner)
    A theory that attempts to unravel the intricate ways in which the individual and his/her environment interact.  The four scales of environment are:
    Microsystem: the immediate environment
    Mesosystem: the network of microsystems (daycare, school, scouting etc..)
    Exosystem: the environment that affects the microsystems an thus indirectly the individual
    Macrosystem: the outermost system (culture, laws, customs, climate etc...)
  • What does Bronfenbrenner, in his ecological systems theory, mean by chronosystem?
    It means the ecological systems theory operates in a framework of time. Situational factors or developmentally induced individual changes could arise that affect each other.
  • What does dynamic systems perspective mean?
    it means that the individual's mind, body and environment form an integrated and dynamic system 
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