# Summary: Elementary Statistics | 1-292-03941-8 | Mario F Triola

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## Read the summary and the most important questions on Elementary Statistics | 1-292-03941-8 | Mario F. Triola

• ### 1 Introduction to Statistics

This is a preview. There are 2 more flashcards available for chapter 1

• ### 1.2 Statistical and Critical Thinking

This is a preview. There are 8 more flashcards available for chapter 1.2

• #### What is the key concept of chapter 1.2: 'Statistical and Critical Thinking'?

How to conduct a statistical study with the method of 'Statistical Thinking'.
• #### What are the three subjects of the Prepare-step in Statistical Thinking?

1. Context
2. Source of the Data
3. Sampling Method
• #### What do I want to know about the Source of the Data in the Prepare-step?

• Are the data from a source with a special interest so that there is pressure to obtain results that are favorable to the source?
• #### What to know about the Sampling Method in the Prepare-step?

• Were the data collected in a way that is unbiased, or were the data collected in a way that is biased (such as a procedure in which respondents volunteer to participate)?
• #### What is a 'voluntary response sample'?

A voluntary response sample (or self-selected sample) is one in which the respondents themselves decide whether to be included.
• #### What are the three subjects of the Analyze-step in Statistical Thinking?

1. Graph the Data
2. Explore the Data
3. Apply Statistical Methods
• #### What are the two subjects of the Conclude-step in Statistical Thinking?

1. Statistical significance
2. Practical significance
• #### What's the key concept of the Pitfall 'Misleading Conclusions'?

Correlation does not imply causation.
• #### What is the Pitfall of 'Reported results'?

Results that are reported by your subjects are more likely to be less accurate than results you measure yourself.
By example: someone can lie about their weight, you can better read it yourself of the scale.
• #### What is the Pitfall of 'Small Samples'?

Having small samples may lead to conclusions that are not representative for the whole population.
By example: Research turned out that 67% of the kids come late to school. Expect what turned out: only 3 kids were taken as sample...
PLEASE KNOW!!! There are just 54 flashcards and notes available for this material. This summary might not be complete. Please search similar or other summaries.