Summary: Europe On The Move

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  • 1 Manchester and the Industrial Revolution

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  • Why is Manchester called the rock 'n' goal capital of the World?

    It is the leading music city in Europe.
  • What and why was the name given to Manchester in the nineteenth century?

    Cottonopolis, when everything revolved around the textile industry.
  • Where and when did the Industrial Revolution begin?

    During the course of the eighteenth century, Manchester became the world's first industrialized city.
  • What is the Industrial Revolution?

    The period when there was a widespread change from products made by hand to products made by using machines (including steam-powered machines) in large factories.
  • What kind of city was Manchester?

    a textile city. All the textile factories were located on or close to the coalfields.
  • What were factors that determinated the whre the factories could be located?

    The location of the coalfields and the cost of transport, during the IR this was not much more than about 10km away from coal mines.
  • Why was there a lot of knowledge and experience Manchester in the region?

    Manchester and the surrounding area, processing wool was a traditional craft, carried out for centuries by spinners and weavers.
  • What brought about a revolution?

    the steam engine, because one machine could power dozens of weaving looms and spinning machines.
  • What did the steam engine heralded?

    the begining of mass production and inlarge factores. Cotton, the raw mterial, was imported cheaply throuh the port of Liverpool.
  • How did Manchester grow?

    very fast: the population increased sixfold between 1771 and 1831. In 1851 it was 455000. Leading position in world economy

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