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Summary FMA ||

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A snapshot of the summary - FMA ||

  • 1 Training 1

  • What is a budget?
    A budget provides a comprehensive overview of planned company operations.
  • What are benefits of budgets?
    • Budgets provide an opportunity to re-evaluate existing activities and evaluate new ones.
    • They aid managers in communicating objectives and coordinating actions across the organization
    • Budgeting provides benchmarks to evaluate subsequent performance
  • What are the factors that limit the advantages of budgeting?
    1. Low levels of participation in the budget and  a lack of acceptance of responsibility for the final budget.
    2. Incentives to lie and cheat in the budget process. (dysfunctional incentives)
    3. Difficulties in obtaining accurate sales forecasts
  • What are dysfunctional incentives?
    Lyring, cheating: budgetary slack
  • What is budgetary slack?
    Is the overstatement of budgeted costs to create a goal that is easier to achieve
  • What is a sales forecast?
    Is a prediction of  sales under a given set of conditions.
  • 2 Training 2

  • Name the several types of different types of budgets.
    1. Strategic plan (5 years)
    2. Long-range planning
    3. Master budget (1 year)
    4. Capital budget
    5. Continuous budget 1 year (-1 month+1 month)
  • What is a strategic plan?
    This sets the overall goals and objectives of the organization. THe strategic plan leads to long-range planning, which produces forecasted financial statements for five- to ten -year periods.
  • What is a long-range plan?
    Therse are coordinated with capital budgets, which detail the planned expenditures for facilities, equipment, new products and other long-term investments.
  • What is the master budget?
    The master budget is a detailed and comprehensive analysis of the first year of the long-range plan. It summarized the planned activities of all subunits of an organization.
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