Summary Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology, Global Edition Book cover image

Summary Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology, Global Edition

- Frederic H Martini, et al
ISBN-10 1292229861 ISBN-13 9781292229867
403 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology, Global Edition Author: Frederic H Martini Judi L Nath Edwin F Bartholomew ISBN: 9781292229867

  • 1 An Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology

  • 1.5 Anatomical terms describe body regions, anatomical positions and drirection, and body secretions

  • Frontal/Coronal Plane
    Vertical plane; divides into anterior and posterio portions
  • Sagittal Plane (Midsagittal, parasagittal)
    Verticapl plane; dividing into left and right portions.
    Midsagittal -> Median, lies in the middle 
    Parasagittal -> Lies offset of the middle
  • 4.1 The four types are epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous


  • What is epithelial tissue?
    Epithelial tissue covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chambers, and forms glands.
    An  epithelium is a tissue existing of cells that are tightly connected to each other, without extracellular matrix. It is derived from one of the three primary germ layers(ecto-, endo- or meso-derm).

  • What is connective tissue?
    Connective tissue fills internal spaces, provides structural support for other tissues, transports materials within the body, and stores energy.

  • What is muscle tissue?
    Muscle tissue is specialized for contraction and includes the skeletal muscles of the body, the muscle of the heart, and the muscular walls of hollow organs.
  • 4.2 Epithelial tissue covers body surfaces, lines internal surfaces, and serves other essential functions


  • What are ecto-, endo- and mesoderm?
    These are the three layers of the early embryo. Ectoderm is the most outside layer, endoderm is the most inside layer, and mesoderm is the middle layer.

  • What are gland cells?
    Gland cells are epithelial cells that produce secretions.

  • What are the characteristics of epithelial tissue?
    • Polarity
    • Cellularity
    • Attached to a basement membrane
    • Avascularity; no blood circulation
    • Regeneration

  • What is a basement membrane?
    A basement membrane is formed from the fusion of several successive layers (the basal lamina and reticular lamina), a collagen matrix, and proteoglycans (intercellular cement). The basement membrane adheres to the basal surface and to the underlying tissues to establish the cell's border and resist stretching.

  • How are epithelial cells different from other body cells?
    Epithelial cells have several structural specializations.
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