Summary Global politics Book cover image

Summary Global politics

- Andrew Heywood
ISBN-10 1403989826 ISBN-13 9781403989826
155 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - Global politics Author: Andrew Heywood ISBN: 9781403989826

  • 1 Introducing Global Politics

  • What is meant by Global Politics?
    The broad view on politics. Which takes into account that politics are not merely formed by international relations, but also by NGO's. There are to main views on Global politics: Realism and Liberalism
  • How did international politics change into Global politics?
    New actors appeared such as: TNC's, NGO's (Mixed-Actor Model)
    Growing interconnectedness and interdependance (Increased transnational flows (People and Money)
    Trend towards Global Governance: WTO, EU, IMF, VN
  • Globalization implications on World Politics
    The width of Interconnectedness has stretched cultural, economic, political and social activities accross the globe and shows the possibility of turning into a single worldwide system
    The intensity of interconnectedness has increased due to transborder activities such international trade
    Interconnectedness has sped up due to huge flows of electronic money, ensuring that financial markets react immediately on economic events elsewhere in the world

  • 1.1.1 What's in a name?

  • What does the term 'Global Politics mean?'
    It means politics that are conducted at a global level with worldwide significance, in the sense that they influence all parts of the world.
  • What is a State?
    A political association that establishes sovereign jurisdiction within defined territorial borders.

    o   Defined territorial borders

    o   Permanent population

    o   Effective government

    o   ‘capacity to enter into relations with other states’

  • 1.1.2.1 The state and new global actors

  • What have been the most significant changes following the transformation from 'international' politics into 'global' politics?

    The most significant changes include new actors on the world stage, increased interdependence and interconnectedness and the trend towards a global governance.

  • 1.1.2.2 Increased interdependence and interconnectedness

  • What does the Billiard Ball model suggest?
    It suggests that states, like billiard balls, are impermeable and self-contained units, which influnce each other trough external pressure. Interactions between and amongst states are linked, in most cases to military and security matters, reflecting the assumption that power and survival are the primary concerns of the state.

  • What are two developements that challenge the Billiard Ball theory?
    1. State borders become ‘porous’ and as a result the conventional domestic/international divide becomes difficult to sustain.

    2. The growing interdependence and interconnectedness between states forces them to work together, relying on collective efforts.

  • What is the Cobweb model and what is the main criticism?
    A model of complex interdependence in which states are drawn into cooperation and integration by forces such as trading and other economic relationships. The main criticism is that the level of interdependence varies great around the globe and that interdependence may asymmentrical in which case it may lead to conflict.

  • 1.1.2.3 From international anarchy to global governance?

  • What does the term 'Anarchy' mean?

    Literally, without rule; the absence of a central government or higher authority, sometimes, but not necessarily, associated with instability and chaos.

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