Summary: Health And Welfare

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  • 1 Determinants of Health

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  • What are the 2 concepts of health? (Hughner & Kleine)

    Negative conception
    Positive conception
  • In what two ways does the negative conception define health?

    - Health as the absence of disease (biomedical approach to health)
    - Health as a functional capacity (being capable of performing daily tasks)
  • In what two ways does the positive conception define health?

    - Health as a balance (joy, positive relationships, etc.)
    - Health as freedom
  • What is the difference between illness and disease?

    Illness is defined by an individual or group 
    Disease is defined by a doctor
  • What are the main determinants of health?

    - age, sex and constitutional factors
    - individual lifestyle factors
    - social and community networks
    - living and working conditions
    general socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions
  • Why are wealthier people healthier?

    They have more access to information and health care
  • What are the 6 determinants of health?

    - conduct
    - biology
    - environment
    - social
    - genetic
    - health services
  • In what 2 things can evidence based policy-making be divided?

    Evaluation: methods & practices
    Implementation: culture & context
  • Which factors can affect implementation of policies? (4)

    - affordability
    - advertising
    - accessibility
    - nudges
  • 2 Inequalities in health WHO

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  • What does HALE stand for?

    Healthy Life Expectancy: average number of years that a person can expect to live in "full health"

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