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A snapshot of the summary - Health promotion disease prevention
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What is the
differencebetween the three typesof prevention. Name them and explain.
To prevent (
Secundaryprevention Screening/early detection of diseases
seriousness/ or complicationsof diseases
2 Hearing impairments
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Causal factors for hearing impairments
- Male gender
- Cognitive decline
Key predictive factors for entering a Hearing Aid Evaluation Period?
o High level of self-reported hearing disability
o High level of objectively measured hearing loss
o Many perceived HA (hearing aid) benefits
Improved communication and social participation
o Few perceived HA barriers
- Stigma: it appears that people are more likely to take up a hearing aid if they experience higher stigma (opposite from expected, and only occurs inwomen
o High degree of social support & social pressure
3 Upstream determinants
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Examples of obesogenic environments
- Urban sprawl
- Less landuse mix
challengesin upstream research? Name three.
cross-sectional, few are longitudinaland very few are RCT’s Randomised experimentalstudies allow for the possibilityof isolatingspecific riskfactorsand exposing subjects at will, but in real life contextualfactors do not occur in isolation, and it is often difficult to randomise individualsto new or changed environments.
environmentis being looked at? Influencesthe results!
• Defining exposure
Many ways of
Mismatch Subjective/ objectivedata: differencein results! Behaviorsor availability
How do upstream
determinantsinteract with downstream determinants? COVID-19 (gyms are closed) and motivationto be physicallyactive
4 Community Action
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What is community action research?
Researchusing principlesof community action. Sortof PAR, but with specific focus. It has an idea about a theory of change: the communityis essentialin achievingthe health goals. ( helping communitiesto supportthemselves)
What is the aim of community action research?To meet complex health challenges of society
What is transdisciplinary research? Give a definition.
A new form of learning and problem solving involving cooperation among different parts of society and academia in order to meet complex challenges of society.
What is the difference between Community action research (CAR) and Participatory action research (PAR)?CAR is always about disadvantaged areas and groups + building of social capital (building networks and competences amongst people, so that people feel more capable and get more agency).
What is a community?
Groups of people who identify themselves by their group membership, sharing a common interest, common social institutions and common social control components.
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