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Summary HNH24806

- HNH24806
- EJM Feskens
- 2019 - 2020
- Wageningen University (Wageningen University, Wageningen)
- Voeding en Gezondheid
356 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - HNH24806

  • E-modules on prevalence, incidence and standardisation

  • What does a/how things a clinician?
    He translates scientific knowledge and procedures to: "What is the best treatment for this specific patient?"
  • What does a/How things an epidemiologist in academic setting?
    "How can I be sure about this specific exposure-effect, independent of the context of this person or population"
  • Incidence in closed population + what is a closed population
    Measure of disease occurrence:
    • incidence proportion (IP)
    • incidence rate (IR)

    closed population
    • bases ons fixed membership 
    • no one can be added 
    • but people may die, lost to follow-up etc
    • becomes smaller in time 
    • everyone is followed 
  • Incidence in open population + what is a open population
    Measure of disease occurrence:
    • incidence rate (IR)

    open cohort or dynamic population 
    • can take new members with time 
    • people move in and out of the area 
    • number remain about the same 
    • no follow-up when leaving 
  • Relationship between incidence, prevalence and duration
    Zie de afbeelding
  • C2 public health & its study designs

  • When you call it a risk you are looking at...
    Incidence proportion/Cumulative incidence
  • When do you use direct standardisation? And when indirect standardisation?
    • To compare rates across different countries 
    • to compare rates between different subgroups within one country 

    • Same, but especially used when subgroups are small and the age-specific rates are not very reliable or unknown 
  • L1 pulmonary diseases (longziektes)

  • What are the risk factors for COPD
    Environmental risk factors 
    • smokers
    • (roken tijdens zwangerschap)
    • mee roken (mensen die in je omgeving roken)
    • outdoor air pollution + indoor air pollution 
    • blootstelling tijdens het werken 

    genetic susceptibility 
  • E-modules + assignment cancer

  • What is health? (Uitspraken)
    • Absence of illness 
    • a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being (1948)
    • ability to adapt and self manage in the face of social, physical, and emotional challenger (2011)

    Health is weighed by personal values and preferences, and group characteristics (age, gender, culture)
  • What are the organised efforts of society?
    • Governmental organizations
    • non-governmental organizations 

    acting on:
    - local, regional, national or international level 
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