Summary How the special needs brain works Book cover image

Summary How the special needs brain works

- David A Sousa
ISBN-13 9781506327020
82 Flashcards & Notes
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A snapshot of the summary - How the special needs brain works Author: David A Sousa ISBN: 9781506327020

  • 1 The brain and learning

  • The brain's ability to continually reorganize and reconnect its neural pathways because of input from the environment
    Neuroplasticity
  • 1.1 Some exterior parts of the brain

  • Part at the front of the brain that contains almost 50% of the volume of the cerebral hemispheres. 
    Frontal lobe
  • What does the frontal lobe do?
    - Planning and thinking
    - Rational and executive control of the brain
    - Higher order thinking
    - Problem solving
    - Regulating emotional system
    - self-will/personality
  • This part deals with sound, music, face and object recognition and parts of longterm memory. It's also the speech center:
    Temporal lobe
  • At the top of the brain, deals with spatial orientation, calculation and certain types of recognition:
    Parietal lobe
  • This is a band between the parietal and frontal lobes on the front of the brain. It controls body movement and works with the cerebellum to coordinate motor skills:
    Motor cortex
  • The band behind the motor cortex with processes touch signals from various parts of the body:
    Somatosensory cortex
  • This part is just behind the brainstem. It coordinates movement and stores the memory of automated movements.
    Cerebellum
  • 1.2 Some interior parts of the brain

  • This is the oldest ares of the brain. Vital body functions are controlled here:
    Brainstem
  • What system does the brainstem house and what does it?
    Reticular Activating System (RAS). This system is responsible for the brains alertness.
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